skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Bersi Ólfl 2I/5 — munk ‘I will’

Sveins raunir hefk sénar,
snart rekninga bjartar
þars svaltungur sungu,
— saman fórum vér — stórar.
Elgs munk eigi fylgja
út riðboða síðan
hæsts at hverjum kosti
hranna dýrra manni.

Hefk sénar stórar raunir Sveins, þars bjartar svaltungur rekninga sungu snart; vér fórum saman. Munk eigi síðan fylgja út dýrra manni, riðboða hæsts elgs hranna, at hverjum kosti.

I have seen the great trials of Sveinn, where bright, cool tongues of swords [SWORD BLADES] sang keenly; we advanced together. I will not afterwards follow on expeditions a more excellent man, a riding offerer of the tallest elk of the waves [SHIP > SEAFARER], in any case.

readings

[5] munk (‘man ec’): mun J1ˣ, J2ˣ

grammar

Verbs: Preterite-present verbs

The present tense of these verbs is like the past tense of strong verbs, and their past tense is weak.

eigamegakunnaskulumunumuna
indic.
pres.
sing.


pl.
1st
2nd
3rd
1st
2nd
3rd
á
átt
á
eigum
eiguð
eigu

mátt

megum
meguð
megu
kann
kannt
kann
kunnum
kunnuð
kunnu
skal
skalt
skal
skulum
skuluð
skulu
mun
munt
mun
munum
munuð
munu
man
mant
man
munum
munið
muna
indic. past stem
subj. pres. stem
subj. past stem
átt-
eig-
ætt-
mátt-
meg-
mætt-
kunn-
kunn-
kynn-
skyld-
skyl-
skyld-
mund-
myn-
mynd-
mund-
mun-
mynd-
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