skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Eyv Hák 17I/2 — inn ‘the’

‘Gerðar órar,’         kvað inn góði konungr,
        ‘viljum vér sjalfir hafa;
hjalm ok brynju         skal hirða vel;
        gótt es til gǫrs at taka.’

‘Vér viljum sjalfir hafa gerðar órar,’ kvað inn góði konungr; ‘skal hirða vel hjalm ok brynju; gótt es at taka til gǫrs.’

‘We ourselves [I myself] wish to keep our [my] armour,’ said the good king; ‘one should take good care of one’s helmet and mail-shirt; it is good to have recourse to ready gear.’

notes

[2] inn góði ‘the good’: This may be meant as characterisation, though it is also Hákon’s nickname.

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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