skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Eyv Hák 3I/5 — inn ‘The’

Hét á Háleygi         sems á Holmrygi
jarla einbani;         fór til orrostu.
Gótt hafði inn gjǫfli         gengi Norðmanna
œgir Eydana;         stóð und árhjalmi.

Einbani jarla hét á Háleygi sems á Holmrygi; fór til orrostu. Inn gjǫfli œgir Eydana hafði gótt gengi Norðmanna; stóð und árhjalmi.

The sole slayer of jarls [= Hákon] called on the Háleygir just as on the Hólmrygir; he went into battle. The munificent terrifier of Island-Danes [= Hákon] had the good support of the Norwegians; he stood under a helmet of metal.

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kennings

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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