skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Þhorn Harkv 7I/4 — inn ‘inn’

‘Heyrðir þú, í Hafrsfirði         hvé hizug barðisk
konungr inn kynstóri         við Kjǫtva inn auðlagða?
Knerrir kvômu austan         kapps of lystir
með gínǫndum hǫfðum         ok grǫfnum tinglum.

‘Heyrðir þú, hvé inn kynstóri konungr barðisk við Kjǫtva inn auðlagða hizug í Hafrsfirði? Knerrir kvômu austan, of lystir kapps, með gínǫndum hǫfðum ok grǫfnum tinglum.

‘Have you heard how the high-born king fought with Kjǫtvi inn auðlagði (‘the Wealthy’) there in Hafrsfjorden? Ships came from the east, eager for battle, with gaping figure-heads and graven prow-boards.

readings

[4] Kjǫtva inn: ‘Kiotvan’ 51ˣ, FskBˣ, 302ˣ, FskAˣ, 52ˣ, Kjǫtvann 301ˣ

notes

[4] Kjǫtva ‘Kjǫtvi’: Probably a nickname meaning ‘Fleshy’. According to Hkr, he was king of Agðir (Agder); in Vatnsdœla saga (ÍF 8, 23-4) he is called Ásbjǫrn kjǫtvi, though nowhere else. According to Snorri (ÍF 26, 114), Haraldr faced a formidable confederation of kings of the south-west, from Hordaland, Rogaland, Agder and Telemark. However, Harkv names only Kjǫtvi and his son Þórir haklangr (st. 9/8, also RvHbreið Hl 60/6III), and von See (1961b, 105-111), relying in part on the earlier arguments of Schreiner (1933 and 1936), argues that Haraldr faced only these two, and that he was already king not of Vestfold but of Rogaland and Hordaland.

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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