skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Þhorn Harkv 4I/1 — inn ‘The’

Hreyfðisk inn hǫsfjaðri,         ok of hyrnu þerrði,
arnar eiðbróðir,         ok at andsvǫrum hugði:
‘Haraldi vér fylgðum         syni Halfdanar
ungum ynglingi         síðan ór eggi kvômum.

Inn hǫsfjaðri eiðbróðir arnar hreyfðisk ok þerrði of hyrnu, ok hugði at andsvǫrum: ‘Vér fylgðum Haraldi syni Halfdanar, ungum ynglingi, síðan kvômum ór eggi.

The grey-feathered sworn-brother of the eagle [RAVEN] gloated and wiped its bill, and gave thought to an answer: ‘We have followed Haraldr son of Hálfdan, the young king, since we emerged from the egg.

notes

[1] inn hǫsfjaðri ‘the grey-feathered’: As in OE (cf. hasu ‘grey’ and compounds), it is usually the eagle rather then the raven that is described this way. The def. art. is justified by the reference to the raven in st. 1.

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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