skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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ÞSjár Þórdr 1I/7 — it

Þars bǫðharðir bǫrðusk
bands jódraugar landa,
lystr gekk herr til hjǫrva
hnits í Storð á Fitjum.
Ok gimsløngvir ganga
gífrs hlémána drífu
nausta blakks it næsta
Norðmanna gram þorði.

Herr gekk lystr til hnits hjǫrva á Fitjum í Storð, þars bǫðharðir landa bands jódraugar bǫrðusk. Ok nausta blakks hlémána gífrs drífu gimsløngvir þorði ganga it næsta gram Norðmanna.

The army went eager to the clash of swords [BATTLE] at Fitjar on Stord, where the battle-hardened logs of the steed of the chain of lands [(lit. ‘steed-logs of the chain of lands’) SEA > SHIP > SEAFARERS] fought. And the slinger of the fire of the storm of the troll-woman of the shielding moon of the horse of boathouses [(lit. ‘fire-slinger of the storm of the troll-woman of the shielding moon of the horse of boathouses’) SHIP > SHIELD > AXE > BATTLE > SWORD > WARRIOR] dared to advance next to the lord of the Norwegians [NORWEGIAN KING = Hákon].

readings

[7] it: er FskAˣ

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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