skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Rv Lv 26II/4 — inn ‘inn’

Gekk á drómund døkkvan
— drengr réð snart til fengjar —
upp með œrnu kappi
Auðun fyrstr inn rauði.
Þar nôðu vér þjóðar
— því hefr aldar goð valdit —
— bolr fellr blár á þiljur —
blóði vôpn at rjóða.

Auðun inn rauði gekk fyrstr með œrnu kappi upp á døkkvan drómund; drengr réð snart til fengjar. Nôðu vér at rjóða vôpn þar blóði þjóðar; goð aldar hefr valdit því; blár bolr fellr á þiljur.

Auðun inn rauði (‘the Red’) went first, with sufficient valour, up onto the dark dromon; the warrior went quickly for loot. We were able to redden weapons there in the blood of the army; the God of men has caused that; the black trunk falls onto the planking.

notes

[4] Auðun inn rauði ‘Auðun inn rauði (“the Red”)’: He was Erlingr skakki’s stafnbúi ‘forecastle-man’. Hkr (ÍF 28, 325) also mentions that he was the first to board the dromon.

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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