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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Arn Hryn 10II/4 — garmr ‘hound’

Ljótu dreif á lypting útan
lauðri — bifðisk goll it rauða —
— fastligr hneigði fúru geystri
fýris garmr — ok skeiðar stýri.
Stirðum helzt umb Stafangr norðan
stôlum — bifðusk fyrir álar —
— uppi glóðu élmars typpi
eldi glík — í Danaveldi.

Ljótu lauðri dreif útan á lypting ok stýri skeiðar; it rauða goll bifðisk; fastligr garmr fýris hneigði geystri fúru. Helzt stirðum stôlum norðan umb Stafangr í Danaveldi; álar bifðusk fyrir; typpi élmars glóðu uppi glík eldi.

Foul surf surged in against the after-deck and the helm of the warship; the red gold shuddered; the powerful hound of the fir-tree [WIND] pitched the rushing ship of fir. You steered sturdy prows from the north past Stavanger to the realm of the Danes; currents shuddered in front; the mast-heads of the storm-steed [SHIP] glowed aloft like fire.

readings

[4] garmr: gramr 39, E, angr H, Hr, Flat

notes

[4] garmr fýris ‘hound of the fir-tree [WIND]’: The variant angr fýris ‘grief of fir’ (so H, Hr, Flat) would make equally good sense in the context: cf. Meissner 102 for similar wind-kennings.

kennings

grammar

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