skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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ÞjóðA Har 1II/4 — ins ‘of the’

Skeið sák framm at flœði,
fagrt sprund, ór ô hrundit;
kennd, hvar liggr fyr landi
lǫng súð dreka ins prúða.
Orms glóa fǫx of farmi
frôn, sízt ýtt vas hônum
— bôru búnir svírar
brunnit goll — af hlunni.

Sák skeið, fagrt sprund, hrundit ór ô framm at flœði; kennd, hvar lǫng súð ins prúða dreka liggr fyr landi. Frôn fǫx orms glóa of farmi, sízt ýtt vas hônum af hlunni; búnir svírar bôru brunnit goll.

I saw the warship, beautiful lady, propelled out of the river onto the ocean; look where the long side-planking of the splendid dragon-ship lies offshore. The gleaming manes of the serpent [dragon-ship] shine out above the cargo, since it was launched from the rollers; the decorated necks bore burnished gold.

readings

[4] dreka ins (‘drekans’): ‘drekans’ F, J2ˣ, dreka hins E, H, ‘drecka hinn’ 570a, dreka ens Hr

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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