skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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ÞjóðA Lv 11II/7 — inn ‘the’

Ǫld hefr afráð goldit
illt; nú kveðk her stilltan;
bauð þessa fǫr þjóðum
þarflaust Haraldr austan.
Svá lauk siklings ævi
snjalls, at vér ’róm allir
— lofðungr beið inn leyfði
lífs grand — í stað vǫndum.

Ǫld hefr goldit illt afráð; nú kveðk her stilltan; Haraldr bauð þjóðum þessa fǫr austan þarflaust. Ævi snjalls siklings lauk svá, at vér ’róm allir í vǫndum stað; inn leyfði lofðungr beið grand lífs.

People have paid a dire penalty; now I declare the host is quelled; Haraldr commanded troops onto this expedition westwards needlessly. The life of the bold prince ended in such a way that we are all in a difficult position; the praised sovereign endured destruction of life.

readings

[7] inn leyfði: ens leyfða Mork, Hr, hins leyfða H

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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