skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Árm Lv 4II/7 — inn ‘the’

Eigum vér, þars vági
verpr inn of þrǫm stinnan,
— þann hǫfum vér at vinna —
varðhald á skæ barða,
meðan í nótt hjá nýtri
námdúks hǫrundmjúkri
lókr sefr lind inn veiki;
lítk of ǫxl til Krítar.

Vér eigum varðhald á skæ barða, þars vági verpr inn of stinnan þrǫm—vér hǫfum þann at vinna—, meðan inn veiki lókr sefr í nótt hjá nýtri, hǫrundmjúkri lind námdúks; lítk of ǫxl til Krítar.

We keep watch on the steed of the prow [SHIP], where the billow is thrown in over the sturdy gunwale—we have that to do—, while the feeble weakling sleeps tonight beside the excellent, soft-skinned lime-tree of the kerchief [WOMAN]; I look over my shoulder towards Crete.

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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