skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon (Orkn) 1II/1 — hitt ‘this’

Heyrik hitt, en órir
hafa dolgar skap folgit,
þengill ríkr, af þingi
þann kvitt búandmanna,
at valdandar vildi,
vargseðjandi, margir,
at þú vigg á brim byggir
brands en Pál at landi.

Heyrik hitt, ríkr þengill, af þingi—en dolgar órir hafa folgit skap—, þann kvitt búandmanna, at margir valdandar vildi, vargseðjandi, at þú byggir vigg brands á brim en Pál at landi.

I hear this, mighty lord, from the assembly—and our enemies have concealed intent—, the rumour of the landowners that many powerful men wished, wolf-sater [WARRIOR], that you should occupy the steed of the prow [SHIP] on the sea and that Páll should be on the land.

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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