skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Árm Lv 1II/7 — it ‘the’

Eigi metr inn ítri
allvaldr gjafar skaldi
Yggs við aðra seggi
élstœrir mér fœra.
Snjallr bar glæst með gulli
grundar vǫrðr at mundum
buðlungr nýztr it bezta
blóðkerti Ármóði.

Inn ítri allvaldr, Yggs élstœrir, metr eigi við aðra seggi fœra mér, skaldi, gjafar. Snjallr vǫrðr grundar, nýztr buðlungr, bar it bezta blóðkerti, glæst með gulli, Ármóði at mundum.

The illustrious mighty ruler, the enlarger of the storm of Yggr <= Óðinn> [(lit. ‘storm-enlarger of Yggr’) BATTLE > WARRIOR] does not charge other men with bringing gifts to me, the poet. The keen guardian of the land [RULER = Rǫgnvaldr], the most useful prince, brought the best blood-candle [SPEAR], made bright with gold, to Ármóðr’s hands.

kennings

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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