skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Sturl Hryn 4II/2 — ins ‘of the’

Framla dreif til hverrar hömlu
hilmis þjóð ins mærðarfróða;
síðan helduð suðr með láði,
seima stiklir, flota miklum.
Hræddar urðu Hallands ferðir,
hringa Baldr, af þínu valdi;
engi maðr var Jóta þengils
óttalauss við Nóregs dróttin.

Þjóð ins mærðarfróða hilmis dreif framla til hverrar hömlu; síðan helduð miklum flota suðr með láði, stiklir seima. Ferðir Hallands urðu hræddar af valdi þínu, Baldr hringa; engi maðr þengils Jóta var óttalauss við dróttin Nóregs.

The men of the renowned ruler rushed boldly to every rowlock; then you brought a great fleet southwards along the coast, thrower of gold [GENEROUS RULER]. The people of Halland became frightened by your power, Baldr <god> of rings [MAN]; not one man of the ruler of the Jótar [DANISH KING = Kristófór] was not without fear of the lord of Norway [= Hákon].

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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