skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Sturl Hrafn 18II/7 — man ‘will’

Hlóðu hugprúðir
hrings at brynþingi
várir vegstórum
virðar baug-Nirði.
Fylduz fjörseldum
frammi valgammar
— hverr man hringþverris
hefna — auðstefni.

Várir hugprúðir virðar hrings hlóðu vegstórum baug-Nirði at brynþingi. Valgammar fylduz frammi fjörseldum auðstefni; hverr man hefna hringþverris?

Our gallant men of the sword killed the honourable ring-Njǫrðr <god> [MAN = Perus] at the byrnie-assembly [BATTLE]. The corpse-buzzards [RAVENS/EAGLES] stuffed themselves in the vanguard with the lifeless wealth-dispenser [GENEROUS MAN]; who will avenge the ring-diminisher [GENEROUS MAN]?

grammar

Verbs: Preterite-present verbs

The present tense of these verbs is like the past tense of strong verbs, and their past tense is weak.

eigamegakunnaskulumunumuna
indic.
pres.
sing.


pl.
1st
2nd
3rd
1st
2nd
3rd
á
átt
á
eigum
eiguð
eigu

mátt

megum
meguð
megu
kann
kannt
kann
kunnum
kunnuð
kunnu
skal
skalt
skal
skulum
skuluð
skulu
mun
munt
mun
munum
munuð
munu
man
mant
man
munum
munið
muna
indic. past stem
subj. pres. stem
subj. past stem
átt-
eig-
ætt-
mátt-
meg-
mætt-
kunn-
kunn-
kynn-
skyld-
skyl-
skyld-
mund-
myn-
mynd-
mund-
mun-
mynd-
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