skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon (HSig) 4II/4 — vas ‘was’

Brenndum brúk á sandi;
bauðk hyr þara rauðum;
reyksvæla tók rjúka
rǫmm; en þat vas skǫmmu.
Enn fyr England sunnan
óð hestr und mér festa;
ristin skalf í rǫstu
rǫng; en þat vas lǫngu.

Brenndum brúk á sandi; bauðk rauðum hyr þara; rǫmm reyksvæla tók rjúka; en þat vas skǫmmu. Enn fyr sunnan England óð hestr festa und mér; ristin rǫng skalf í rǫstu; en þat vas lǫngu.

We [I] burned the heap of seaweed on the beach; I offered kelp to the red fire; the acrid thick smoke began to reek; and that was recently. And, south of England, the horse of moorings [SHIP] advanced beneath me; the carved frame shook in the current; but that was long ago.

readings

[4] vas: om. F

grammar

Irregular verbs: vera (to be)

indic.subj.
pres.pastpres.past
sing.


pl.
1
2
3
1
2
3
em
ert
er
erum
eruð
eru
var
vart
var
várum
váruð
váru

sér

sém
séð
væra
værir
væri
værim
værið
væri
imperative
past part.
ver, verið
verit
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