skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon (HSig) 3II/5 — hitt ‘It’

Ferk í vánda verju;
verr nauð of mér snauðum;
kǫsungr fær víst í vási
vǫmm; en þat vas skǫmmu.
Endr vas hitt, at hrunði
hringkofl of mik inga;
gǫgl bôru sik sára
svǫng; en þat vas lǫngu.

Ferk í vánda verju; verr nauð of snauðum mér; kǫsungr fær víst vǫmm í vási; en þat vas skǫmmu. Hitt vas endr, at hringkofl inga hrunði of mik; gǫgl sára bôru sik svǫng; en þat vas lǫngu.

I dress in a coarse cloak; it defends miserable me against distress; the shirt certainly suffers damage in the toil; and that was recently. It was earlier, that the ring-cowl of the king fell around me; goslings of wounds [RAVENS/EAGLES] moved hungrily; but that was long ago.

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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