Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Sturl Hákkv 6II/8 — Grýtlinga ‘of the Grýtlingar’

Lögðu til
lítlu síðar
öðlings menn
Ósló bæjar,
ok þar stökk
fyr stálhvötuð
á glapstíg
Grýtlinga lið.

Lítlu síðar lögðu menn öðlings til Ósló bæjar, ok þar stökk lið Grýtlinga á glapstíg fyr stálhvötuð.

A little later the lord’s men set out for the town of Oslo, and there the force of the Grýtlingar [= the Ribbungar] fled on a pernicious path before the sword-inciter [WARRIOR = Hákon].


[8] lið Grýtlinga ‘the force of the Grýtlingar [= the Ribbungar]’: Grýtlingar (lit. ‘Gravelings’) is a hap. leg. derived from grjót ‘stone, gravel, rock’. It is used here to designate the Ribbungar, most likely in the sense of ‘people who stay among cliffs and rocks or live in caves’ (i.e. ‘outlaws’). See also Note to Sturl Hákfl 5/8. The Ribbungar (lit. ‘robbers, rabble’), a political faction that arose in Norway around 1220, were the adherents of the royal pretender Sigurðr ribbungr. Sigurðr was the son of Erlingr steinveggr ‘Stonewall’ (d. 1207), who claimed to be the son of King Magnús Erlingsson. For Erlingr and his life, see Bǫgl 1988, II. See also Note to st. 1/8 above.




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