skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Sigv Austv 7I/8 — inn ‘the’

Fórk at finna bôru
— fríðs vættak mér — síðan
brjót, þanns bragnar létu,
bliks, vildastan miklu.
Grefs leit við mér gætir
gerstr; þás illr inn versti,
— lítt reiðik þó lýða
lǫst — ef sjás inn bazti.

Fórk síðan at finna brjót bliks bôru, þanns bragnar létu miklu vildastan; vættak mér fríðs. Gætir grefs leit gerstr við mér; þás inn versti illr, ef sjás inn bazti; þó reiðik lítt lǫst lýða.

I went afterwards to find a breaker of the gleam of the wave [GOLD > GENEROUS MAN], one whom warriors counted by far the most excellent; for myself I expected something fine. The minder of the hoe [FARMER] looked at me annoyed; then the worst is bad [indeed], if this is the best; yet I broadcast people’s faults little.

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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