skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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GullásÞ Lv 1II/5 — munk ‘I’m’

Nú tekr ýgr at œgja
ofkúgi mér drjúgum;
þinn hefr hǫlðr of hlannat
hjaldrgegninn mik tjaldi.
Trautt munk lausan láta,
linnbóls gjafi, at sinni
vísan þjóf, þótt váfi
vôn mín und hlut þínum.

Nú tekr ýgr ofkúgi at œgja mér drjúgum; hjaldrgegninn hǫlðr þinn hefr of hlannat mik tjaldi. Gjafi linnbóls, munk trautt láta vísan þjóf lausan at sinni, þótt vôn mín váfi und hlut þínum.

Now the fierce oppressor begins to frighten me excessively; your pugnacious man has stolen the awning from me. Bestower of the snake-lair [GOLD > GENEROUS MAN], I’m reluctant to release a proven thief this time, although my future may hang upon your decision.

grammar

Verbs: Preterite-present verbs

The present tense of these verbs is like the past tense of strong verbs, and their past tense is weak.

eigamegakunnaskulumunumuna
indic.
pres.
sing.


pl.
1st
2nd
3rd
1st
2nd
3rd
á
átt
á
eigum
eiguð
eigu

mátt

megum
meguð
megu
kann
kannt
kann
kunnum
kunnuð
kunnu
skal
skalt
skal
skulum
skuluð
skulu
mun
munt
mun
munum
munuð
munu
man
mant
man
munum
munið
muna
indic. past stem
subj. pres. stem
subj. past stem
átt-
eig-
ætt-
mátt-
meg-
mætt-
kunn-
kunn-
kynn-
skyld-
skyl-
skyld-
mund-
myn-
mynd-
mund-
mun-
mynd-
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