skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Þfagr Sveinn 4II/1 — man ‘may’

Fjǫrs man flestum hersi
fengsæll Dana þengill
— reiðr hefr hann fyr hauðri
hábrynjuð skip — synja,
ef húnferils hreina
hlunntamðra rekr sunnan
við Hǫrða gram harðan
hundruð sex til fundar.

Fengsæll þengill Dana man synja flestum hersi fjǫrs—reiðr hefr hann hábrynjuð skip fyr hauðri—, ef rekr sex hundruð hlunntamðra hreina húnferils sunnan til fundar við harðan gram Hǫrða.

The booty-blessed lord of the Danes [DANISH KING = Sveinn] may deny life to most hersar—enraged, he has armoured ships before the land—, if he steers six hundred roller-tamed reindeer of the mast-top track [SEA > SHIPS] from the south to the encounter with the harsh ruler of the Hǫrðar [NORWEGIAN KING = Haraldr].

grammar

Verbs: Preterite-present verbs

The present tense of these verbs is like the past tense of strong verbs, and their past tense is weak.

eigamegakunnaskulumunumuna
indic.
pres.
sing.


pl.
1st
2nd
3rd
1st
2nd
3rd
á
átt
á
eigum
eiguð
eigu

mátt

megum
meguð
megu
kann
kannt
kann
kunnum
kunnuð
kunnu
skal
skalt
skal
skulum
skuluð
skulu
mun
munt
mun
munum
munuð
munu
man
mant
man
munum
munið
muna
indic. past stem
subj. pres. stem
subj. past stem
átt-
eig-
ætt-
mátt-
meg-
mætt-
kunn-
kunn-
kynn-
skyld-
skyl-
skyld-
mund-
myn-
mynd-
mund-
mun-
mynd-
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