skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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ESk Geisl 70VII/1 — ins ‘now’

Myndi bragr nú brǫndum
baugness vesa þessi
— kannk rausnarskap ræsis —
raundýrliga launaðr,
ef lofða gramr lifði
leikmildr Sigurðr Hildar
— þess lýsik veg vísa —
vellum grimmr inn ellri.

Þessi bragr myndi nú vesa raundýrliga launaðr brǫndum baugness — kannk rausnarskap ræsis —, ef Sigurðr inn ellri, gramr lofða, grimmr vellum, Hildar leikmildr, lifði; lýsik veg þess vísa.

This poem would now be magnificently rewarded with the fires of the bracelet-headland [ARM > GOLD] — I know the munificence of the king —, if Sigurðr the elder, king of men, fierce to gold, generous with the play of Hildr [BATTLE] [lit. play-generous of Hildr] were alive; I praise the honour of this king.

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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