skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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ESk Geisl 44VII/3 — hinn ‘that’

Tók, þás fell inn frœkni
fylkis kundr til grundar,
sverð, es sókn vas orðin,
sœnskr maðr af gram þrœnzkum.
Sá vas hjǫrr ins hôva
hrings stríðanda síðan
gulli merktr í Girkja
gunndjarfs liði fundinn.

Sœnskr maðr tók sverð af þrœnzkum gram, þás inn frœkni kundr fylkis fell til grundar, es sókn vas orðin. Sá hjǫrr, gulli merktr, ins hôva gunndjarfs stríðanda hrings vas síðan fundinn í liði Girkja.

A Swedish man took the sword from the king from Trøndelag when the brave descendant of a king [= Óláfr] fell to the ground, when the battle was over. That sword, decorated with gold, of the tall, battle-eager enemy of the ring [GENEROUS MAN = Óláfr] was later found in the army of the Greeks.

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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