skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Valg Har 10II/5 — inn ‘its’

Inn vas í, sem brynni,
iðglíkt séa miðjan,
eldr, þars yðrum helduð,
orms munn, skipum sunnan.
Skeið bar skolpt inn rauða;
skein af golli hreinu;
dreki fór dagleið mikla;
dúfu braut und húfi.

Vas iðglíkt séa inn í miðjan munn orms, sem eldr brynni, þars helduð skipum yðrum sunnan. Skeið bar inn rauða skolpt; skein af hreinu golli; dreki fór mikla dagleið; dúfu braut und húfi.

Looking into the middle of the dragon-ship’s mouth, it was just as if fire was burning where you steered your ships from the south. The warship carried its red skull; it glowed from the pure gold; the dragon-ship sailed a long day’s journey; the wave broke beneath the hull.

notes

[5] inn rauða skolpt ‘its red skull’: Lit. ‘the red skull’. The carved head attached to the stem of a ship as a prow-ornament (see Falk 1912, 104-7; Jesch 2001a, 145, 146).

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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