skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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ÞjóðA Magnfl 13II/2 — inn ‘the’

Áðr svanfoldar seldi
sólrýrandi inn dýri
— jarls lá ferð á ferli —
fjǫrgrið stǫfum hjǫrva.

Áðr inn dýri svanfoldar sólrýrandi seldi fjǫrgrið stǫfum hjǫrva; ferð jarls lá á ferli.

Before the excellent diminisher of the sun of the swan-land [(lit. ‘sun-diminisher of the swan-land’) SEA > GOLD > GENEROUS MAN] granted life-truce to the staves of swords [WARRIORS]; the jarl’s troop were on the move.

readings

[2] ‑rýrandi inn: ‑stýrandi inn E, ‑stýrandinn J2ˣ, ‑rýrandin Hr

kennings

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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