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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Steinþ Frag 1III/1 — firnum ‘vehemently’

Forngǫrvan ák firnum
farms Gunnlaðar arma
horna fors at hrósa
hlítstyggs ok þó lítinn.

Ák at hrósa firnum fors horna hlítstyggs farms arma Gunnlaðar forngǫrvan ok þó lítinn.

I have to praise vehemently the waterfall of horns [MEAD] of the trust-wary freight of the arms of Gunnlǫð <giantess> [LOVER = Óðinn > POETRY] made of old, and yet meagre.


[1] firnum: fyrðum U


[1] firnum ‘vehemently’: This is a dat., used adverbially, of firn ‘abomination, shocking thing’, often used merely as an intensifier, as with the cognate OE firen- in firenþearf  ‘dire need’.



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