skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Ólhv Lv 2II/3 — mun ‘will’

Tjón hǫfum Birkibeina,
bǫðhraustr, fregit austan,
brátt mun bug þann rétta
bragningr, ef vel hagnar.
Virðendr munu verða
vápnglyms funa ymsir
— veitk, at vart hefr Knúti
vegnat — brǫgðum fegnir.

Hǫfum fregit austan tjón Birkibeina; bǫðhraustr bragningr mun brátt rétta þann bug, ef vel hagnar. Virðendr funa vápnglyms munu ymsir verða fegnir brǫgðum; veitk, at hefr vegnat vart Knúti.

We have learned from the east about the destruction of the Birkibeinar; the battle-daring king will soon set that right, if all goes well. The esteemers of the flame of weapon-noise [BATTLE > SWORD > WARRIORS] will in turn be gladdened by the exploits; I know that it has gone badly for Knútr.

grammar

Verbs: Preterite-present verbs

The present tense of these verbs is like the past tense of strong verbs, and their past tense is weak.

eigamegakunnaskulumunumuna
indic.
pres.
sing.


pl.
1st
2nd
3rd
1st
2nd
3rd
á
átt
á
eigum
eiguð
eigu

mátt

megum
meguð
megu
kann
kannt
kann
kunnum
kunnuð
kunnu
skal
skalt
skal
skulum
skuluð
skulu
mun
munt
mun
munum
munuð
munu
man
mant
man
munum
munið
muna
indic. past stem
subj. pres. stem
subj. past stem
átt-
eig-
ætt-
mátt-
meg-
mætt-
kunn-
kunn-
kynn-
skyld-
skyl-
skyld-
mund-
myn-
mynd-
mund-
mun-
mynd-
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