skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Ólhv Lv 1II/2 — ins ‘of the’

Nús, þats flaust ór festum
flýtr hertoga ins nýta;
né fákr á ver víka
veðrsollit kom betri.

Nús, þats flaust ins nýta hertoga flýtr ór festum; né kom betri fákr víka á veðrsollit ver.

Now the ship of the capable duke dashes from its moorings; a better horse of bays [SHIP] has not ventured on the storm-swollen sea.

notes

[2] ins nýta hertoga ‘of the capable duke’: I.e. Skúli Bárðarson, who was the first Norwegian to bear the title hertogi ‘duke’. See Notes to Ólhv Hryn 5/8 and Sturl Hákkv 23/8.

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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