skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Steinn Nizv 6II/1 — ins ‘of the’

Oss dugir hrafns ins hvassa
hungrdeyfi svá leyfa,
linns at lastim annan
látrs sveigjanda eigi.
Aldri kvǫddusk oddum
— annat hverjum manni
táls of tyggja at mæla —
tveir fullhugar meiri.

Oss dugir leyfa hungrdeyfi ins hvassa hrafns svá, at lastim eigi annan sveigjanda látrs linns. Aldri kvǫddusk tveir meiri fullhugar oddum; táls hverjum manni at mæla annat of tyggja.

It is fitting for us [me] to praise the hunger-appeaser [FEEDER] of the fierce raven [WARRIOR = Haraldr] in such a way that we [I] do not belittle the other bender of the snake’s lair [GOLD > GENEROUS MAN = Sveinn]. Never did two more valiant ones greet each other with spear-points; it is treachery for any man to say something else about the lords.

notes

[1-2] hungrdeyfi ins hvassa hrafns ‘the hunger-appeaser [FEEDER] of the fierce raven [WARRIOR = Haraldr]’: For kennings of this type, see Note to Arn Hryn 7/1, 2.

kennings

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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