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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Nkt 73II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Anonymous Poems, Nóregs konungatal 73’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 805.

Anonymous PoemsNóregs konungatal

Þat hefir ætt
jǫfra kyn*
alla prýdda
sás dǫgum optar
fremsk margnýtr,
Magnúss konungs.

Þat kyn* jǫfra hefir prýdda alla ætt Oddaverja, {dótturson Magnúss konungs}, sás fremsk margnýtr optar dǫgum.

That descendant of princes has graced the entire family of the Oddaverjar, {the daughter’s son of King Magnús} [= Jón], who excels, much-bountiful, more often than there are days.

Mss: Flat(144vb)

Readings: [3] kyn*: kyns Flat

Editions: Skj AI, 589, Skj BI, 589-90, Skald I, 287, NN §2122; Flat 1860-8, II, 528.

Notes: [3] kyn* (n. nom. sg.) ‘descendant, kin’: Kyns (n. gen. sg.; so Flat) has been emended to provide a subject for hefir prýdda ‘has graced’ (ll. 1, 4). Kock (NN §2122) retains the gen. and points to a similar construction in st. 37 above, but the two constructions are not parallel (see Note to st. 37/5). Skj B translates kyn jǫfra as ‘royal family’ (kongeslægt): Den kongeslægt har udmerket Oddemændenes hele slægt ‘That royal family has distinguished the entire family of the men from Oddi’. That interpretation forces the emendation of sás ‘who’ (l. 6) to ‘that’ (see below). Kyn can also mean ‘descendant’, however, (see Fritzner: kyn 4), and it is preferable to equate kyn here with dótturson ‘daughter’s son’ (i.e. Jón) (l. 5) (see NN §2122). — [5] dótturson (m. nom. sg.) ‘the daughter’s son’: For the lack of the final -r in this cpd, see ANG §395.1. — [6] sás ‘who’: Skj B emends to ‘that’ (see Note to l. 3 above), and takes it with dótturson(r) ‘daughter’s son’ (l. 5) as the subject of a new cl.: sá margnýtr dóttursonr Magnús konungs fremsk optar dǫgum, translated as den udmærkede dattersön af kong Magnus vinder hæder oftere end der er dage ‘the splendid daughter’s son of King Magnús gains glory more often than there are days’. That interpretation entails an unattested placement of the finite verb in an independent cl. (syntactic position 3).


  1. Bibliography
  2. Skj B = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1912-15b. Den norsk-islandske skjaldedigtning. B: Rettet tekst. 2 vols. Copenhagen: Villadsen & Christensen. Rpt. 1973. Copenhagen: Rosenkilde & Bagger.
  3. Skald = Kock, Ernst Albin, ed. 1946-50. Den norsk-isländska skaldediktningen. 2 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  4. NN = Kock, Ernst Albin. 1923-44. Notationes Norrœnæ: Anteckningar till Edda och skaldediktning. Lunds Universitets årsskrift new ser. 1. 28 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  5. ANG = Noreen, Adolf. 1923. Altnordische Grammatik I: Altisländische und altnorwegische Grammatik (Laut- und Flexionslehre) unter Berücksichtigung des Urnordischen. 4th edn. Halle: Niemeyer. 1st edn. 1884. 5th unrev. edn. 1970. Tübingen: Niemeyer.
  6. Flat 1860-8 = Gudbrand Vigfusson [Guðbrandur Vigfússon] and C. R. Unger, eds. 1860-8. Flateyjarbók. En samling af norske konge-sagaer med indskudte mindre fortællinger om begivenheder i og udenfor Norge samt annaler. 3 vols. Christiania (Oslo): Malling.
  7. Fritzner = Fritzner, Johan. 1883-96. Ordbog over det gamle norske sprog. 3 vols. Kristiania (Oslo): Den norske forlagsforening. 4th edn. Rpt. 1973. Oslo etc.: Universitetsforlaget.

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