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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Humli Lv 1VIII (Heiðr 100)

Hannah Burrows (ed.) 2017, ‘Hervarar saga ok Heiðreks 100 (Humli konungr, Lausavísur 1)’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry in fornaldarsögur. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 8. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 472.

Humli konungrLausavísur
12

Sitja skulum vér í vetr         ok sælliga lifa,
drekka ok dæma         dýrar veigar,
kenna Húnum         vápn at búa,
þau er djarfliga         skulum fram bera.

Vér skulum sitja í vetr ok lifa sælliga, drekka dýrar veigar ok dæma, kenna Húnum at búa vápn, þau er skulum bera fram djarfliga.

We shall sit during winter and live prosperously, drink costly draughts and make conversation, teach the Huns to prepare the weapons that we shall carry forth boldly.

Mss: 203ˣ(110v), R715ˣ(32v) (Heiðr)

Readings: [1] skulum: skulu R715ˣ;    vér: ‘vær’ R715ˣ    [3] dæma: tæma corrected from dæma R715ˣ    [5] Húnum: hverjum R715ˣ

Editions: Skj AII, 253, Skj BII, 273, Skald II, 142, NN §3184; Heiðr 1672, 166, FSN 1, 495-6, Heiðr 1873, 274, Heiðr 1924, 146, FSGJ 2, 58-9, Heiðr 1960, 51 (Heiðr); Edd. Min. 6, NK 306, ÍF Edd. II, 424.

Context: Hlǫðr returns home and tells his maternal grandfather, King Humli, that he has been refused an equal division of the inheritance. Humli grows angry at his daughter’s son being called the son of a servant woman, and speaks the stanza.

Notes: [3]: The same line is found in 32/9, Sigsk 2/5 (both in the past tense) and Ǫrv 25/1 (in the 1st pers. pl. pret.). — [4]: The same line is found in Hyndl 50/6 and HHund II 46/2, and cf. Heiðr 97/2 fagrar veigar ‘fair draughts’. — [5-6]: Alliteration is lacking. To restore, all eds emend vápn ‘weapons’ to hervápn ‘war-weapons’, on the basis of a reading in Holm papp. 120, a ms. which is not of independent value (but cf. herlið ‘war-troop’ in Heiðr 101/2). However, the line is still unmetrical unless at ‘to’ is deleted. — [7-8]: Again, these lines lack alliteration. Skj B emends djarfliga ‘boldly’ to framliga (translating djærvt), with similar meaning. Heiðr 1873 offers frœknliga ‘valiantly’, followed by Edd. Min., FSGJ and Heiðr 1960, while Skald chooses to emend fram ‘forth’ in l. 8 to dramb ‘arrogance’. These conjectures are all unsupported by ms. evidence.

References

  1. Bibliography
  2. Skj B = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1912-15b. Den norsk-islandske skjaldedigtning. B: Rettet tekst. 2 vols. Copenhagen: Villadsen & Christensen. Rpt. 1973. Copenhagen: Rosenkilde & Bagger.
  3. FSN = Rafn, Carl Christian, ed. 1829-30. Fornaldar sögur nordrlanda. 3 vols. Copenhagen: Popp.
  4. Skald = Kock, Ernst Albin, ed. 1946-50. Den norsk-isländska skaldediktningen. 2 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  5. NN = Kock, Ernst Albin. 1923-44. Notationes Norrœnæ: Anteckningar till Edda och skaldediktning. Lunds Universitets årsskrift new ser. 1. 28 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  6. NK = Neckel, Gustav and Hans Kuhn (1899), eds. 1983. Edda: Die Lieder des Codex Regius nebst verwandten Denkmälern. 2 vols. I: Text. 5th edn. Heidelberg: Winter.
  7. Heiðr 1672 = Verelius, Olaus, ed. 1672. Hervarar Saga på Gammel Gotska. Uppsala: Curio.
  8. FSGJ = Guðni Jónsson, ed. 1954. Fornaldar sögur norðurlanda. 4 vols. [Reykjavík]: Íslendingasagnaútgáfan.
  9. Heiðr 1924 = Jón Helgason, ed. 1924. Heiðreks saga. Hervarar saga ok Heiðreks konungs. SUGNL 48. Copenhagen: Jørgensen.
  10. Heiðr 1960 = Tolkien, Christopher, ed. and trans. 1960. Saga Heiðreks konungs ins vitra / The Saga of King Heidrek the Wise. Nelson Icelandic Texts. London etc.: Nelson.
  11. Heiðr 1873 = Bugge, Sophus, ed. 1873. Hervarar saga ok Heidreks. Det Norske oldskriftselskabs samlinger 17. Christiania (Oslo): Brøgger.
  12. Internal references
  13. 2017, ‘(Introduction to) Anonymous, Hervarar saga ok Heiðreks’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry in fornaldarsögur. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 8. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 367.
  14. Not published: do not cite ()
  15. Not published: do not cite ()
  16. Not published: do not cite ()
  17. Hannah Burrows (ed.) 2017, ‘Hervarar saga ok Heiðreks 97 (Angantýr Heiðreksson, Lausavísur 4)’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry in fornaldarsögur. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 8. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 469.
  18. Hannah Burrows (ed.) 2017, ‘Hervarar saga ok Heiðreks 101 (Humli konungr, Lausavísur 2)’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry in fornaldarsögur. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 8. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 473.
  19. Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.) 2017, ‘Ǫrvar-Odds saga 25 (Hjálmarr inn hugumstóri, Lausavísur 15)’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry in fornaldarsögur. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 8. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 839.
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