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skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Valg Har 10II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Valgarðr á Velli, Poem about Haraldr harðráði 10’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 308-9.

Valgarðr á VelliPoem about Haraldr harðráði
91011

Inn vas í, sem brynni,
iðglíkt séa miðjan,
eldr, þars yðrum helduð,
orms munn, skipum sunnan.
Skeið bar skolpt inn rauða;
skein af golli hreinu;
dreki fór dagleið mikla;
dúfu braut und húfi.

Vas iðglíkt séa inn í miðjan munn orms, sem eldr brynni, þars helduð skipum yðrum sunnan. Skeið bar inn rauða skolpt; skein af hreinu golli; dreki fór mikla dagleið; dúfu braut und húfi.

Looking into the middle of the dragon-ship’s mouth, it was just as if fire was burning where you steered your ships from the south. The warship carried its red skull; it glowed from the pure gold; the dragon-ship sailed a long day’s journey; the wave broke beneath the hull.

Mss: Mork(3v) (Mork); Flat(194va) (Flat); H(30r), Hr(21vb) (H-Hr); FskBˣ(65v), FskAˣ(246-247) (Fsk)

Readings: [2] séa: ‘sio’ Mork, H, Hr, í sjá Flat, ‘sia’ FskBˣ, FskAˣ    [3] þars (‘þar er’): þá er FskBˣ, FskAˣ;    yðrum: yðr Flat    [5] bar: þar er Hr;    rauða: rjóða Flat

Editions: Skj AI, 393, Skj BI, 362, Skald I, 181; Mork 1867, 19, Mork 1928-32, 92, Andersson and Gade 2000, 153, 474 (MH); Flat 1860-8, III, 308 (MH); Fms 6, 180 (HSig ch. 19); ÍF 29, 242 (ch. 52).

Context: After falling out with Sveinn Úlfsson, Haraldr sailed to Norway (c. 1045). In Mork and Fsk, this and the next st. are given without intervening prose.

Notes: [5] skeið ‘the warship’: See Note to st. 2/1 above. — [5] inn rauða skolpt ‘its red skull’: Lit. ‘the red skull’. The carved head attached to the stem of a ship as a prow-ornament (see Falk 1912, 104-7; Jesch 2001a, 145, 146). — [7] dreki ‘the dragon-ship’: Ship with a dragon’s head as prow-ornament (see Falk 1914, 105-7; Jesch 2001a, 127-8).

References

  1. Bibliography
  2. Fms = Sveinbjörn Egilsson et al., eds. 1825-37. Fornmanna sögur eptir gömlum handritum útgefnar að tilhlutun hins norræna fornfræða fèlags. 12 vols. Copenhagen: Popp.
  3. Skald = Kock, Ernst Albin, ed. 1946-50. Den norsk-isländska skaldediktningen. 2 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  4. Andersson, Theodore M. and Kari Ellen Gade, trans. 2000. Morkinskinna: The Earliest Icelandic Chronicle of the Norwegian Kings (1030-1157). Islandica 51. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press.
  5. Jesch, Judith. 2001a. Ships and Men in the Late Viking Age: The Vocabulary of Runic Inscriptions and Skaldic Verse. Woodbridge: Boydell.
  6. Falk, Hjalmar. 1912. Altnordisches Seewesen. Wörter und Sachen 4. Heidelberg: Winter.
  7. Falk, Hjalmar, ed. 1914a. Sólarljóð. Videnskapsselskapets skrifter II. Hist.-filos. kl. 7. 2 vols. Kristiania (Oslo): Dybwad.
  8. Flat 1860-8 = Gudbrand Vigfusson [Guðbrandur Vigfússon] and C. R. Unger, eds. 1860-8. Flateyjarbók. En samling af norske konge-sagaer med indskudte mindre fortællinger om begivenheder i og udenfor Norge samt annaler. 3 vols. Christiania (Oslo): Malling.
  9. Mork 1928-32 = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1928-32. Morkinskinna. SUGNL 53. Copenhagen: Jørgensen.
  10. ÍF 29 = Ágrip af Nóregskonunga sǫgum; Fagrskinna—Nóregs konungatal. Ed. Bjarni Einarsson. 1985.
  11. Mork 1867 = Unger, C. R., ed. 1867. Morkinskinna: Pergamentsbog fra første halvdel af det trettende aarhundrede. Indeholdende en af de ældste optegnelser af norske kongesagaer. Oslo: Bentzen.
  12. Internal references
  13. Diana Whaley 2012, ‘Fagrskinna (Fsk)’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. clix-clxi.
  14. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘Morkinskinna (Mork)’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
  15. Not published: do not cite (HSigII)
  16. Not published: do not cite (MHII)
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