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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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ÞjóðA Lv 10II

Diana Whaley (ed.) 2009, ‘Þjóðólfr Arnórsson, Lausavísur 10’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 174-5.

Þjóðólfr ArnórssonLausavísur
91011

Skalka frá, þótt fylkir
falli sjalfr til vallar,
— gengr, sem goð vill — ungum
grams erfingjum hverfa.
Skínnat sól á sýnni
(snarráðs) an þá báða
(Haralds eru haukar gǫrvir
hefnendr) konungsefni.

Skalka hverfa frá ungum erfingjum grams, þótt fylkir falli sjalfr til vallar; gengr, sem goð vill. Sól skínnat á sýnni konungsefni an þá báða; {hefnendr snarráðs Haralds} eru gǫrvir haukar.

I shall not desert the young heirs of the king, although the commander himself should fall to the ground; it will go as God wills. The sun will not shine on clearer material for kingship than those two; {the avengers of swift-counselled Haraldr} [= Magnús and Óláfr] are complete hawks.

Mss: (581v-582r), F(53rb), E(27v), J2ˣ(297r) (Hkr); FskAˣ(305) (Fsk); Mork(19r) (Mork); Flat(203vb) (Flat); H(75v), Hr(53vb) (H-Hr)

Readings: [1] Skalka: Skalkat FskAˣ, Skal Flat;    frá: om. E    [2] sjalfr: niðr FskAˣ    [5] Skínnat: skínna E, skína J2ˣ, skín at Hr;    sýnni: sinni FskAˣ, ‘syne’ Hr    [6] snarráðs: snarráðrs FskAˣ, snjallráð Mork, snjallráðs Flat, H, Hr    [7] haukar: ‘houkar’ FskAˣ, hauklig Flat;    gǫrvir (‘gervir’): ‘geyrvír’ F, gerva Flat    [8] hefnendr: efnendr FskAˣ

Editions: Skj AI, 383, Skj BI, 353, Skald I, 177; Hkr 1893-1901, III, 207-8, IV, 239, ÍF 28, 188-9, Hkr 1991, 684 (HSig ch. 91), F 1871, 248, E 1916, 97; Fsk 1902-3, 290-1 (ch. 58), ÍF 29, 285 (ch. 68); Mork 1928-32, 274, Andersson and Gade 2000, 269, 481 (MH); Fms 6, 417 (HSig ch. 118), Fms 12, 165; Flat 1860-8, III, 393 (MH).

Context: In the Hkr, Fsk and H-Hr accounts of the battle of Stamford Bridge, Þjóðólfr speaks a st. immediately after Hharð Lv 14. In Mork and Flat, the st. is not connected with Haraldr’s, but follows Arn Hardr 10 and Hardr 12; Þjóðólfr utters it as the Norwegians await the Engl. army. 

Notes: [All]: Other sts concerning the battle of Stamford Bridge are: Hharð Lv 13-14, ÞjóðA Lv 11 (below) and Arn Hardr 10-13. — [7] haukar ‘hawks’: I.e. noble, promising young men; cf. Note to Arn Hryn 3/5.

References

  1. Bibliography
  2. Fms = Sveinbjörn Egilsson et al., eds. 1825-37. Fornmanna sögur eptir gömlum handritum útgefnar að tilhlutun hins norræna fornfræða fèlags. 12 vols. Copenhagen: Popp.
  3. Skald = Kock, Ernst Albin, ed. 1946-50. Den norsk-isländska skaldediktningen. 2 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  4. Andersson, Theodore M. and Kari Ellen Gade, trans. 2000. Morkinskinna: The Earliest Icelandic Chronicle of the Norwegian Kings (1030-1157). Islandica 51. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press.
  5. Flat 1860-8 = Gudbrand Vigfusson [Guðbrandur Vigfússon] and C. R. Unger, eds. 1860-8. Flateyjarbók. En samling af norske konge-sagaer med indskudte mindre fortællinger om begivenheder i og udenfor Norge samt annaler. 3 vols. Christiania (Oslo): Malling.
  6. Mork 1928-32 = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1928-32. Morkinskinna. SUGNL 53. Copenhagen: Jørgensen.
  7. ÍF 26-8 = Heimskringla. Ed. Bjarni Aðalbjarnarson. 1941-51.
  8. Hkr 1893-1901 = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1893-1901. Heimskringla: Nóregs konunga sǫgur af Snorri Sturluson. 4 vols. SUGNL 23. Copenhagen: Møller.
  9. Hkr 1991 = Bergljót S. Kristjánsdóttir et al., eds. 1991. Heimskringla. 3 vols. Reykjavík: Mál og menning.
  10. F 1871 = Unger, C. R., ed. 1871. Fríssbók: Codex Frisianus. En samling af norske konge-sagaer. Christiania (Oslo): Malling.
  11. Fsk 1902-3 = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1902-3. Fagrskinna: Nóregs kononga tal. SUGNL 30. Copenhagen: Møller.
  12. E 1916 = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1916. Eirspennill: AM 47 fol. Nóregs konunga sǫgur: Magnús góði – Hákon gamli. Kristiania (Oslo): Den norske historiske kildeskriftskommission.
  13. ÍF 29 = Ágrip af Nóregskonunga sǫgum; Fagrskinna—Nóregs konungatal. Ed. Bjarni Einarsson. 1985.
  14. Internal references
  15. Diana Whaley 2012, ‘Flateyjarbók (Flat)’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. clxi-clxii.
  16. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘Hulda and Hrokkinskinna (H-Hr)’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
  17. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘Morkinskinna (Mork)’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
  18. Not published: do not cite (HSigII)
  19. Not published: do not cite (MHII)
  20. Diana Whaley (ed.) 2009, ‘Arnórr jarlaskáld Þórðarson, Haraldsdrápa 10’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 271.
  21. Diana Whaley (ed.) 2009, ‘Arnórr jarlaskáld Þórðarson, Haraldsdrápa 12’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 273-4.
  22. Diana Whaley (ed.) 2009, ‘Arnórr jarlaskáld Þórðarson, Hrynhenda, Magnússdrápa 3’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 185-6.
  23. Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Haraldr harðráði Sigurðarson, Lausavísur 13’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 54-5.
  24. Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Haraldr harðráði Sigurðarson, Lausavísur 14’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 55-6.
  25. Diana Whaley (ed.) 2009, ‘Þjóðólfr Arnórsson, Lausavísur 11’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 175-6.
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