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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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ÞjóðA Har 2II

Diana Whaley (ed.) 2009, ‘Þjóðólfr Arnórsson, Stanzas about Haraldr Sigurðarson’s leiðangr 2’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 151-2.

Þjóðólfr ArnórssonStanzas about Haraldr Sigurðarson’s leiðangr
123

Slyngr laugardag lǫngu
lið-Baldr af sér tjaldi,
út þars ekkjur líta
orms súð ór bœ prúðar.
Vestr réð ór Nið næsta
nýri skeið at stýra
ungr, en árar drengja,
allvaldr, í sæ falla.

{Lið-Baldr} slyngr laugardag lǫngu tjaldi af sér, þars prúðar ekkjur líta súð orms út ór bœ. Ungr allvaldr réð at stýra næsta nýri skeið vestr ór Nið, en árar drengja falla í sæ.

{The troop-Baldr <god>} [RULER] throws, on a Saturday, the long awning off [lit. off himself], where fine women gaze at the side-planking of the serpent [dragon-ship], [looking] out from the town. The youthful overlord set about steering the brand-new longship west out of Nidelven (Nið), and the oars of the warriors plunge into the sea.

Mss: (558r), F(48va), E(20v), J2ˣ(281r) (Hkr); 570a(24r) (); H(55r), Hr(40rb) (H-Hr)

Readings: [1] lǫngu: lǫgðu 570a    [3] út: ‘vtt’ 570a;    þars (‘þar er’): þá er H, Hr;    ekkjur: ‘eikíur’ Hr    [4] ór: í F, 570a, ‘ǫr’ H;    prúðar: ‘pruðǫm’ E    [5] ór: ǫr H;    næsta: ‘nę[…]ta’ 570a    [6] nýri: ‘nyrri’ 570a, H    [7] en (‘enn’): er H, Hr    [8] ‑valdr: ‘‑vallz’ 570a;    í: á J2ˣ

Editions: Skj AI, 381, Skj BI, 351, Skald I, 176, NN §§1141, 2033, 2831Bb; Hkr 1893-1901, III, 156, IV, 224, ÍF 28, 142, Hkr 1991, 651 (HSig ch. 60), F 1871, 226, E 1916, 72; 1952, 24; Fms 6, 309 (HSig ch. 76), Fms 12, 154.

Context: In Hkr and H-Hr, the st. follows st. 1, with the comment that Haraldr set sail down the river and (in Hkr) that the rowing was most careful (þar var vandaðr róðr mjǫk). has a similar context to Hkr.

Notes: [1, 2] slyngr lǫngu tjaldi af sér ‘throws the long awning off [lit. off himself]’: This tjald seems to be a cover running the length of the ship and used chiefly in harbour. Casting it off, as Jesch notes, is a signal for departure once the ship is in the water. She also notes the rarity of the motif, but compares Hhund I, 26/1-2 brá stýrir stafntioldum af ‘the captain smartly pulled the stem-covers off’ (Jesch 2001a, 173 and cf. p. 165; NK 134). — [3]: The l. recalls Sigvatr’s Út munu ekkjur líta ‘women will look out’ (Sigv Austv 12/1I). — [5, 6] næsta nýri ‘brand-new’: Most eds, including this one, take the adv. næsta as an intensifier. Kock suggested ‘before, recently’ in NN §1141, then ‘next’ in §2033, 2831 (so also Fms 12). — [7] ungr ‘youthful’: As Bjarni Aðalbjarnarson remarks, Haraldr would have been about forty-five at this point (ÍF 28).

References

  1. Bibliography
  2. Fms = Sveinbjörn Egilsson et al., eds. 1825-37. Fornmanna sögur eptir gömlum handritum útgefnar að tilhlutun hins norræna fornfræða fèlags. 12 vols. Copenhagen: Popp.
  3. Skald = Kock, Ernst Albin, ed. 1946-50. Den norsk-isländska skaldediktningen. 2 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  4. NN = Kock, Ernst Albin. 1923-44. Notationes Norrœnæ: Anteckningar till Edda och skaldediktning. Lunds Universitets årsskrift new ser. 1. 28 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  5. Jesch, Judith. 2001a. Ships and Men in the Late Viking Age: The Vocabulary of Runic Inscriptions and Skaldic Verse. Woodbridge: Boydell.
  6. NK = Neckel, Gustav and Hans Kuhn (1899), eds. 1983. Edda: Die Lieder des Codex Regius nebst verwandten Denkmälern. 2 vols. I: Text. 5th edn. Heidelberg: Winter.
  7. ÍF 26-8 = Heimskringla. Ed. Bjarni Aðalbjarnarson. 1941-51.
  8. Hkr 1893-1901 = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1893-1901. Heimskringla: Nóregs konunga sǫgur af Snorri Sturluson. 4 vols. SUGNL 23. Copenhagen: Møller.
  9. Hkr 1991 = Bergljót S. Kristjánsdóttir et al., eds. 1991. Heimskringla. 3 vols. Reykjavík: Mál og menning.
  10. F 1871 = Unger, C. R., ed. 1871. Fríssbók: Codex Frisianus. En samling af norske konge-sagaer. Christiania (Oslo): Malling.
  11. E 1916 = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1916. Eirspennill: AM 47 fol. Nóregs konunga sǫgur: Magnús góði – Hákon gamli. Kristiania (Oslo): Den norske historiske kildeskriftskommission.
  12. 1952 = Jón Helgason and Jakob Benediktsson, eds. 1952. Hákonar saga Ívarssonar. SUGNL 62. Copenhagen: Jørgensen.
  13. Internal references
  14. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘Heimskringla (Hkr)’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
  15. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘Hulda and Hrokkinskinna (H-Hr)’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
  16. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘Hákonar saga Ívarssonar ()’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
  17. Not published: do not cite (HSigII)
  18. R. D. Fulk (ed.) 2012, ‘Sigvatr Þórðarson, Austrfararvísur 12’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 600.
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