skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

Menu Search

Anon Leið 31VII

Katrina Attwood (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Leiðarvísan 31’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 168.

Anonymous PoemsLeiðarvísan
303132

Dag reis sinn með sigri
snjallastr faðir allra
— sonr huggaði seggi
sólar hauðrs — af dauða.
Áðr batt flærðarfróðan
fjanda heilagr andi
fast ok fyrða leysti
fremðarstyrkr ór myrkrum.

{Snjallastr faðir allra} reis af dauða með sigri dag sinn; {sonr {hauðrs sólar}} huggaði seggi. Áðr batt fremðarstyrkr heilagr andi fast flærðarfróðan fjanda ok leysti fyrða ór myrkrum.

{The most valiant father of all} [= God (= Christ)] rose from death with victory on his day; {the son {of the land of the sun}} [SKY/HEAVEN > = God (= Christ)] comforted men. Previously the honour-strong Holy Spirit bound fast the deceit-learned fiend and released men from darkness.

Mss: B(11r), 624(90), 399a-bˣ

Readings: [1] reis: réð B, 624    [3] seggi: so 624, 399a‑bˣ, ‘s[...]ggi’ B    [4] hauðrs: so 624, ‘hau[...]’ B, hauð(r)s(?) 399a‑bˣ    [8] fremðar‑: so 624, 399a‑bˣ, ‘[...]emdar’ B

Editions: Skj AI, 624, Skj BI, 630, Skald I, 306, NN §§1268, 2143; Sveinbjörn Egilsson 1844, 66, Rydberg 1907, 9, Attwood 1996a, 68, 178.

Notes: [1-4]: Christ’s Resurrection from the dead on Easter Sunday is described in Matt. XXVIII.1-8, Mark XVI.1-8, and Luke XXIV.1-10. — [1] reis ‘[he] rose’: Line 1 echoes 30/1. The similarity of the ll. accounts for B’s scribal error, repeating ‘reð’ here. Sveinbjörn Egilsson makes the obvious correction to reis ‘rose’ in a marginal note to Jón Sigurðsson’s 444ˣ transcription. — [3] sonr ‘son’: The Christ-kenning sonr hauðrs sólar ‘son of the land of the sun’, based on a hypothetical kenning-type ‘son of heaven’ is without parallel in the skaldic corpus. Presumably for this reason Finnur Jónsson (Skj B) emends sonr to sjóli ‘prince’. This destroys the subtle theological structure of the st., however. Christ is referred to successively as all three persons of the Trinity: it is as faðir allra ‘father of all’ that he rises from the dead (l. 2), as sonr hauðrs sólar ‘son of the land of the sun’ that he comforts mankind (ll. 3-4) and as heilagr andi ‘holy spirit’ that he harrows hell (ll. 5-8). — [4] hauðrs sólar ‘of the land of the sun’: This phrase appears as the second element in Christ kennings in Líkn 23/4 (also an account of the Resurrection), and in the Crucifixion account in Mgr 23/2-3. On the same model are hildingr hauðrs hvels mána ‘prince of the land of the wheel of the moon’ in Líkn 7/1-3 and skjǫldungr hauðrs skýja ‘prince of the land of the clouds’ in Mgr 25/3-4.

References

  1. Bibliography
  2. Skj B = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1912-15b. Den norsk-islandske skjaldedigtning. B: Rettet tekst. 2 vols. Copenhagen: Villadsen & Christensen. Rpt. 1973. Copenhagen: Rosenkilde & Bagger.
  3. Skald = Kock, Ernst Albin, ed. 1946-50. Den norsk-isländska skaldediktningen. 2 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  4. NN = Kock, Ernst Albin. 1923-44. Notationes Norrœnæ: Anteckningar till Edda och skaldediktning. Lunds Universitets årsskrift new ser. 1. 28 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  5. Attwood, Katrina. 1996a. ‘The Poems of MS AM 757a 4to: An Edition and Contextual Study’. Ph.D. thesis. University of Leeds.
  6. Rydberg, Hugo, ed. 1907. ‘Die geistlichen Drápur und Dróttkvættfragmente des Cod. AM 757 4to.’. Ph.D. thesis. University of Lund. Copenhagen: Møller.
  7. Sveinbjörn Egilsson, ed. 1844. Fjøgur gømul kvæði. Boðsrit til að hlusta á þá opinberu yfirheyrslu í Bessastaða Skóla þann 22-29 mai 1844. Viðeyar Klaustri: prentuð af Helga Helgasyni, á kostnað Bessastaða Skóla. Bessastaðir: Helgi Helgason.
  8. Internal references
  9. George S. Tate (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Líknarbraut 23’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 253-4.
  10. George S. Tate (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Líknarbraut 7’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 237.
  11. Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Drápa af Máríugrát 23’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 776.
  12. Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Drápa af Máríugrát 25’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 777.
Close

Log in

This service is only available to members of the relevant projects, and to purchasers of the skaldic volumes published by Brepols.
This service uses cookies. By logging in you agree to the use of cookies on your browser.

Close

Stanza/chapter/text segment

Use the buttons at the top of the page to navigate between stanzas in a poem.

Information tab

Interactive tab

The text and translation are given here, with buttons to toggle whether the text is shown in the verse order or prose word order. Clicking on indiviudal words gives dictionary links, variant readings, kennings and notes, where relevant.

Full text tab

This is the text of the edition in a similar format to how the edition appears in the printed volumes.

Chapter/text segment

This view is also used for chapters and other text segments. Not all the headings shown are relevant to such sections.