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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Eyv Hák 12I

R. D. Fulk (ed.) 2012, ‘Eyvindr skáldaspillir Finnsson, Hákonarmál 12’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 186.

Eyvindr skáldaspillir FinnssonHákonarmál

‘Hví þú svá gunni *         skiptir, Geir-Skǫgul,
        órum þó verðir gagns frá goðum?’
‘Vér því vǫldum *,         es þú velli helt,
        en þínir fíandr flugu.’

‘Hví skiptir þú gunni * svá, Geir-Skǫgul, þó órum verðir gagns frá goðum?’ ‘Vér vǫldum því *, es þú helt velli, en fíandr þínir flugu.’

‘Why did you decide the battle thus, Spear-Skǫgul, though we were [I was] worthy of victory from the gods?’ ‘We brought it about that you held the field and your enemies fled.’

Mss: (106r), F(18va), J1ˣ(64r), J2ˣ(60v) (Hkr); 761bˣ(99v)

Readings: [1] *: kvað Hkun F, J1ˣ, J2ˣ, 761bˣ    [2] Geir‑: í gær J1ˣ, J2ˣ    [3] órum (‘vǫrum’): ‘vorrum’ F    [4] vǫldum *: vǫldum kvað Skǫgul all    [5] helt: ‘hellz’ Kˣ, F, 761bˣ, ‘hellzt’ J1ˣ, J2ˣ    [6] fíandr: fíandmenn F

Editions: Skj AI, 66, Skj BI, 58-9, Skald I, 36; Hkr 1893-1901, I, 220, IV, 60, ÍF 26, 195, Hkr 1991, I, 127 (HákGóð ch. 31/32), F 1871, 84; Möbius 1860, 233, Jón Helgason 1968, 27, Krause 1990, 95-7.

Context: As for st. 1.

Notes: [All]: The speaker of ll. 1-3 is Hákon, that of ll. 4-6 Skǫgul. The speakers are identified in the mss, except that Hákon is not identified in , but the identifications are omitted from the Text here since they are extrametrical, as is also the case in Anon Eirm: see Introduction. However, other identifications in this poem are not extrametrical and thus must remain in the text: see Note to st. 10/1. Hákon’s question shows that he does not regard the battle as a victory (due to his death soon after). The valkyrie’s reply corrects him. — [5] helt ‘held’: The mss all point to refl. helzk ‘stayed’, adopted by a few eds (e.g. Lindquist 1929, 14), though it gives poor sense in the present context.


  1. Bibliography
  2. Skald = Kock, Ernst Albin, ed. 1946-50. Den norsk-isländska skaldediktningen. 2 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  3. ÍF 26-8 = Heimskringla. Ed. Bjarni Aðalbjarnarson. 1941-51.
  4. Hkr 1893-1901 = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1893-1901. Heimskringla: Nóregs konunga sǫgur af Snorri Sturluson. 4 vols. SUGNL 23. Copenhagen: Møller.
  5. Hkr 1991 = Bergljót S. Kristjánsdóttir et al., eds. 1991. Heimskringla. 3 vols. Reykjavík: Mál og menning.
  6. F 1871 = Unger, C. R., ed. 1871. Fríssbók: Codex Frisianus. En samling af norske konge-sagaer. Christiania (Oslo): Malling.
  7. Möbius, Theodor. 1860. Edda Sæmundar hins fróða. Mit einem Anhang bisher ungedruckter Gedichte. Leipzig: Hinrichs.
  8. Lindquist, Ivar. 1929. Norröna lovkväden från 800 och 900 talen. I: Förslag till restituerad täxt jämte översättning. Lund: Gleerup.
  9. Jón Helgason, ed. 1968. Skjaldevers. 3rd edn. Copenhagen: Munksgaard.
  10. Krause, Arnulf, ed. 1990. Die Dichtung des Eyvindr skáldaspillir: Edition-Kommentar-Untersuchungen. Altnordische Bibliothek 10. Leverkusen: Literaturverlag Norden Mark Reinhardt.
  11. Internal references
  12. Not published: do not cite (HákGóðII)
  13. R. D. Fulk 2012, ‘(Introduction to) Anonymous, Eiríksmál’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 1003.

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