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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Arn Hardr 10II

Diana Whaley (ed.) 2009, ‘Arnórr jarlaskáld Þórðarson, Haraldsdrápa 10’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 271.

Arnórr jarlaskáld ÞórðarsonHaraldsdrápa
91011

Uppgǫngu bauð yngvi
ítr með helming lítinn,
sás á sinni ævi
sásk aldrigi háska.
Enn of England sunnan
ǫflugr herr at berjask
fór við fylki dýran;
fundusk þeir af stundu.

Ítr yngvi, sás aldrigi á ævi sinni sásk háska, bauð uppgǫngu með lítinn helming. Enn ǫflugr herr fór sunnan of England at berjask við dýran fylki; þeir fundusk af stundu.

The splendid prince, he who never in his life feared danger, commanded the advance ashore with a small force. But a mighty army marched from the south through England to fight the excellent sovereign; they engaged at once.

Mss: Mork(19r) (Mork); Flat(203vb) (Flat); H(75r), Hr(53va) (H-Hr)

Readings: [3] á sinni ævi: sinni á ævi Flat

Editions: Skj AI, 351, Skj BI, 324, Skald I, 164; Mork 1928-32, 273, Andersson and Gade 2000, 269, 481 (MH); Flat 1860-8, III, 393 (MH); Fms 6, 413-14 (HSig ch. 118), Fms 12, 165; Whaley 1998, 285-6.

Context: Haraldr, realising an attack from the English is imminent, draws up his men in battle-order at Stamford Bridge (Stanfurðu bryggja). In Mork and Flat, st. 10 is cited immediately after Haraldr’s words of encouragement to his troops. The compiler of H-Hr remarks on the immensity of the enemy’s forces, both cavalry and foot.

Notes: [All]: On the battle of Stamford Bridge (25 September 1066), see Brooks 1956, and on the unreliability of the saga accounts, see Bjarni Aðalbjarnarson in ÍF 28, xxxii-xxxiii. See also sts. 11-16 below, and Hharð Lv 13-14, ÞjóðA Lv 10-11 and Stúfr Stúfdr 8. — [1-2]: These ll. are echoed in Þham Magndr 5/1-2.

References

  1. Bibliography
  2. Fms = Sveinbjörn Egilsson et al., eds. 1825-37. Fornmanna sögur eptir gömlum handritum útgefnar að tilhlutun hins norræna fornfræða fèlags. 12 vols. Copenhagen: Popp.
  3. Skald = Kock, Ernst Albin, ed. 1946-50. Den norsk-isländska skaldediktningen. 2 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  4. Andersson, Theodore M. and Kari Ellen Gade, trans. 2000. Morkinskinna: The Earliest Icelandic Chronicle of the Norwegian Kings (1030-1157). Islandica 51. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press.
  5. Whaley, Diana, ed. and trans. 1998. The Poetry of Arnórr jarlaskáld: An Edition and Study. Westfield Publications in Medieval Studies 8. Turnhout: Brepols.
  6. Flat 1860-8 = Gudbrand Vigfusson [Guðbrandur Vigfússon] and C. R. Unger, eds. 1860-8. Flateyjarbók. En samling af norske konge-sagaer med indskudte mindre fortællinger om begivenheder i og udenfor Norge samt annaler. 3 vols. Christiania (Oslo): Malling.
  7. Mork 1928-32 = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1928-32. Morkinskinna. SUGNL 53. Copenhagen: Jørgensen.
  8. Brooks, F. W. 1956. The Battle of Stamford Bridge. East Yorkshire Local History Series 6. York: East Yorkshire Local History Society.
  9. Internal references
  10. Diana Whaley 2012, ‘Flateyjarbók (Flat)’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. clxi-clxii.
  11. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘Hulda and Hrokkinskinna (H-Hr)’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
  12. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘Morkinskinna (Mork)’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
  13. Not published: do not cite (HSigII)
  14. Not published: do not cite (MHII)
  15. Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Haraldr harðráði Sigurðarson, Lausavísur 13’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 54-5.
  16. Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Stúfr inn blindi Þórðarson kattar, Stúfsdrápa 8’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 357-8.
  17. Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Þorkell hamarskáld, Magnússdrápa 5’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 413-14.
  18. Diana Whaley (ed.) 2009, ‘Þjóðólfr Arnórsson, Lausavísur 10’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 174-5.
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