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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Vitn 2VII

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Vitnisvísur af Máríu 2’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 741.

Anonymous PoemsVitnisvísur af Máríu
123

Stýrðu, Andréas, orðum
yfirskínandi, mínum,
ást, því að eg vil treysta
jafnan þínu nafni,
því að Máríu meyjar
móður guðs í óði
enn vilda eg inna
jartegn firum bjarta.

Andréas, yfirskínandi ást, stýrðu orðum mínum, því að eg vil jafnan treysta nafni þínu, því að eg vilda enn inna firum bjarta jartegn Máríu meyjar, {móður guðs}, í óði.

Andrew, radiant [lit. over-shining] love, guide my words, because I will always trust in your name, because I would like yet again to tell men about a bright miracle of the Virgin Mary, {mother of God} [= Mary], in poetry.

Mss: 713(83), 721(10v)

Readings: [3] því að: það 721;    eg: om. 721    [8] firum: so 721, fyrðum 713

Editions: Skj AII, 483, Skj BII, 520, Skald II, 285, NN §1674; Kahle 1898, 50, Sperber 1911, 23, 69-70, Wrightson 2001, 27.

Notes: [2, 3] yfirskínandi ást (f. nom. sg.) ‘radiant [lit. over-shining] love’: This is a form of address to S. Andrew (so Sperber 1911, 56; NN §1674; Schottmann 1973, 68 n. 10; Wrightson). Skj B interprets the phrase as a dat. instr. (‘with radiant love’), which is awkward, because stýra ‘guide’ already has a dat. object (orðum mínum ‘my words’). See also Mv I 2/1: inn æsti ástvin guðs ‘noblest bosom friend of God’, i.e. ‘S. Andrew’. For the invocation to Andrew, see Introduction above. — [7] enn (adv.) ‘yet again’: This implies that the poet has previously composed poetry about Mary’s miracles (see Introduction above). — [8] firum (m. dat. pl.) ‘men’: Fyrðum ‘men’ (so 713) is unmetrical because the first syllable in metrical position three should be short (fir- rather than fyrð-; see Kuhn 1983, 174-5; Gade 1995, 118-23).

References

  1. Bibliography
  2. Skj B = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1912-15b. Den norsk-islandske skjaldedigtning. B: Rettet tekst. 2 vols. Copenhagen: Villadsen & Christensen. Rpt. 1973. Copenhagen: Rosenkilde & Bagger.
  3. Skald = Kock, Ernst Albin, ed. 1946-50. Den norsk-isländska skaldediktningen. 2 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  4. NN = Kock, Ernst Albin. 1923-44. Notationes Norrœnæ: Anteckningar till Edda och skaldediktning. Lunds Universitets årsskrift new ser. 1. 28 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  5. Schottmann, Hans. 1973. Die isländische Mariendichtung. Untersuchungen zur volkssprachigen Mariendichtung des Mittelalters. Münchner germanistische Beiträge 9. Munich: Fink.
  6. Sperber, Hans, ed. 1911. Sechs isländische Gedichte legendarischen Inhalts. Uppsala Universitets årsskrift, filosofi, språkvetenskap och historiska vetenskaper 2. Uppsala: Akademische Buchdruckerei Edv. Berling.
  7. Wrightson, Kellinde, ed. 2001. Fourteenth-Century Icelandic Verse on the Virgin Mary: Drápa af Maríugrát, Vitnisvísur af Maríu, Maríuvísur I-III. Viking Society for Northern Research Text Series 14. University College London: Viking Society for Northern Research.
  8. Kahle, Bernhard, ed. 1898. Isländische geistliche Dichtungen des ausgehenden Mittelalters. Heidelberg: Winter.
  9. Kuhn, Hans (1899). 1983. Das Dróttkvætt. Heidelberg: Winter.
  10. Internal references
  11. Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Máríuvísur I 2’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 680.
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