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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Sól 19VII

Carolyne Larrington and Peter Robinson (eds) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Sólarljóð 19’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 308.

Anonymous PoemsSólarljóð
181920

trú ‘trust’

2. trúa (verb): to believe (in)

[2] trú þú: ‘tr[...]’ 167b 6ˣ

notes

[2] trú þú aldrigi ‘never trust’: Skj B, followed by Skald, normalises all mss’ aldri to aldrigi to give a metrical l.

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þú ‘’

þú (pron.; °gen. þín, dat. þér, acc. þik): you

[2] trú þú: ‘tr[...]’ 167b 6ˣ

notes

[2] trú þú aldrigi ‘never trust’: Skj B, followed by Skald, normalises all mss’ aldri to aldrigi to give a metrical l.

Close

aldrigi ‘Never’

aldrigi (adv.): never

notes

[2] trú þú aldrigi ‘never trust’: Skj B, followed by Skald, normalises all mss’ aldri to aldrigi to give a metrical l.

Close

þótt ‘though’

þó (adv.): though

[3] þótt: om. 167b 6ˣ

notes

[3] þótt fagrt mæli fyr þér ‘though they speak fair words to you’: The l. requires alliteration on <f>, not <þ>. Most eds regularise (so Skj B, Skald) by using the more archaic form of the prep. fyrir (which receives full stress) and deleting þér. For the sentiment, cf. Hsv 42/2-3: þótt fagrt mæli | þarftu eigi þeim at trúa ‘though they speak well, you need not trust in them’.

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fagrt ‘fair’

fagr (adj.; °fagran; compar. fegri, superl. fegrstr): fair, beautiful

[3] fagrt mæli fyr þér: þeir fagrt mæli fyr þér papp15ˣ, 167b 6ˣ, 1441ˣ, 10575ˣ, þeir fagrt fyr þér mæli 738ˣ, fagrt mæli fyr 214ˣ, þeir fagrt mæli fyr 2797ˣ

notes

[3] þótt fagrt mæli fyr þér ‘though they speak fair words to you’: The l. requires alliteration on <f>, not <þ>. Most eds regularise (so Skj B, Skald) by using the more archaic form of the prep. fyrir (which receives full stress) and deleting þér. For the sentiment, cf. Hsv 42/2-3: þótt fagrt mæli | þarftu eigi þeim at trúa ‘though they speak well, you need not trust in them’.

Close

mæli ‘they speak’

2. mála (verb): speak

[3] fagrt mæli fyr þér: þeir fagrt mæli fyr þér papp15ˣ, 167b 6ˣ, 1441ˣ, 10575ˣ, þeir fagrt fyr þér mæli 738ˣ, fagrt mæli fyr 214ˣ, þeir fagrt mæli fyr 2797ˣ

notes

[3] þótt fagrt mæli fyr þér ‘though they speak fair words to you’: The l. requires alliteration on <f>, not <þ>. Most eds regularise (so Skj B, Skald) by using the more archaic form of the prep. fyrir (which receives full stress) and deleting þér. For the sentiment, cf. Hsv 42/2-3: þótt fagrt mæli | þarftu eigi þeim at trúa ‘though they speak well, you need not trust in them’.

Close

fyr ‘to’

fyr (prep.): for, over, because of, etc.

[3] fagrt mæli fyr þér: þeir fagrt mæli fyr þér papp15ˣ, 167b 6ˣ, 1441ˣ, 10575ˣ, þeir fagrt fyr þér mæli 738ˣ, fagrt mæli fyr 214ˣ, þeir fagrt mæli fyr 2797ˣ

notes

[3] þótt fagrt mæli fyr þér ‘though they speak fair words to you’: The l. requires alliteration on <f>, not <þ>. Most eds regularise (so Skj B, Skald) by using the more archaic form of the prep. fyrir (which receives full stress) and deleting þér. For the sentiment, cf. Hsv 42/2-3: þótt fagrt mæli | þarftu eigi þeim at trúa ‘though they speak well, you need not trust in them’.

Close

þér ‘you’

þú (pron.; °gen. þín, dat. þér, acc. þik): you

[3] fagrt mæli fyr þér: þeir fagrt mæli fyr þér papp15ˣ, 167b 6ˣ, 1441ˣ, 10575ˣ, þeir fagrt fyr þér mæli 738ˣ, fagrt mæli fyr 214ˣ, þeir fagrt mæli fyr 2797ˣ

notes

[3] þótt fagrt mæli fyr þér ‘though they speak fair words to you’: The l. requires alliteration on <f>, not <þ>. Most eds regularise (so Skj B, Skald) by using the more archaic form of the prep. fyrir (which receives full stress) and deleting þér. For the sentiment, cf. Hsv 42/2-3: þótt fagrt mæli | þarftu eigi þeim at trúa ‘though they speak well, you need not trust in them’.

Close

góðu ‘good things’

góðr (adj.): good

notes

[4] góðu þú heit ‘promise good things’: Þú is omitted by both Skj B and Skald. Falk (1914a, 11) suggests, but does not incorporate into his text, the emendation góðu þó heiti ‘though they promise good things’, a suggestion followed by Björn M. Ólsen (1915, 34). This continues the admonition of the preceding ll.

Close

þú ‘’

þú (pron.; °gen. þín, dat. þér, acc. þik): you

notes

[4] góðu þú heit ‘promise good things’: Þú is omitted by both Skj B and Skald. Falk (1914a, 11) suggests, but does not incorporate into his text, the emendation góðu þó heiti ‘though they promise good things’, a suggestion followed by Björn M. Ólsen (1915, 34). This continues the admonition of the preceding ll.

Close

heit ‘promise’

2. heita (verb): be called, promise

notes

[4] góðu þú heit ‘promise good things’: Þú is omitted by both Skj B and Skald. Falk (1914a, 11) suggests, but does not incorporate into his text, the emendation góðu þó heiti ‘though they promise good things’, a suggestion followed by Björn M. Ólsen (1915, 34). This continues the admonition of the preceding ll.

Close

gótt ‘good’

góðr (adj.): good

Close

annars ‘another’s’

1. annarr (pron.; °f. ǫnnur, n. annat; pl. aðrir): (an)other, second

notes

[6] hafa annars víti at varnaði ‘have another’s punishment as a warning’: Cf. Hsv 98/4-5: annars manns víti | láti sér at varnaði ‘he should let the punishment of another [be] a warning to him’. Cf. also Hávm 45, 91, 124 and Hsv 42.

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víti ‘punishment’

víti (noun n.; °-s; -): punishment

[6] víti hafa at varnaði: vit at hafa fyrir varnaði papp15ˣ, víti sér varnaðar vita corrected from ‘víti sér varnaðar vefia’ 738ˣ, víti at hafa fyr varnaði 167b 6ˣ, 1441ˣ, 10575ˣ, 2797ˣ

notes

[6] hafa annars víti at varnaði ‘have another’s punishment as a warning’: Cf. Hsv 98/4-5: annars manns víti | láti sér at varnaði ‘he should let the punishment of another [be] a warning to him’. Cf. also Hávm 45, 91, 124 and Hsv 42.

Close

hafa ‘to have’

hafa (verb): have

[6] víti hafa at varnaði: vit at hafa fyrir varnaði papp15ˣ, víti sér varnaðar vita corrected from ‘víti sér varnaðar vefia’ 738ˣ, víti at hafa fyr varnaði 167b 6ˣ, 1441ˣ, 10575ˣ, 2797ˣ

notes

[6] hafa annars víti at varnaði ‘have another’s punishment as a warning’: Cf. Hsv 98/4-5: annars manns víti | láti sér at varnaði ‘he should let the punishment of another [be] a warning to him’. Cf. also Hávm 45, 91, 124 and Hsv 42.

Close

at ‘as’

3. at (prep.): at, to

[6] víti hafa at varnaði: vit at hafa fyrir varnaði papp15ˣ, víti sér varnaðar vita corrected from ‘víti sér varnaðar vefia’ 738ˣ, víti at hafa fyr varnaði 167b 6ˣ, 1441ˣ, 10575ˣ, 2797ˣ

notes

[6] hafa annars víti at varnaði ‘have another’s punishment as a warning’: Cf. Hsv 98/4-5: annars manns víti | láti sér at varnaði ‘he should let the punishment of another [be] a warning to him’. Cf. also Hávm 45, 91, 124 and Hsv 42.

Close

varnaði ‘a warning’

vǫrnuðr (noun m.; °varnaðar, dat. varnaði): [a warning]

[6] víti hafa at varnaði: vit at hafa fyrir varnaði papp15ˣ, víti sér varnaðar vita corrected from ‘víti sér varnaðar vefia’ 738ˣ, víti at hafa fyr varnaði 167b 6ˣ, 1441ˣ, 10575ˣ, 2797ˣ

notes

[6] hafa annars víti at varnaði ‘have another’s punishment as a warning’: Cf. Hsv 98/4-5: annars manns víti | láti sér at varnaði ‘he should let the punishment of another [be] a warning to him’. Cf. also Hávm 45, 91, 124 and Hsv 42.

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

The exemplum of sts 19-24 recalls the admonitions in Sigrdr 23 and 35 against swearing oaths unless reconciliation has truly been achieved and against trusting those whose kin you have killed. Amory (1985, 16; 1990, 264-5) suggests a reference to Matt. X.16, warning against trusting one’s enemies.

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