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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Pl 47VII

Jonna Louis-Jensen and Tarrin Wills (eds) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Plácitusdrápa 47’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 210-11.

Anonymous PoemsPlácitusdrápa
464748

Hermanna fór hranna
hyrbrjótr liði at móti,
samr vas íkn at fremja
sik Plácitus, miklu.
Ógn stóð angrs af hegni;
ulfgœðendr þá flœðu;
þegn hlaut goðs fyr gagni —
gr háðisk vel — ráða.

{{Hranna hyr}brjótr} fór at móti miklu liði hermanna; Plácitus vas samr at fremja sik íkn. Ógn stóð af {hegni angrs}; {ulfgœðendr} flœðu þá; {þegn goðs} hlaut ráða fyr gagni; gr háðisk vel.

{The destroyer {of the fire of the waves}} [(lit. ‘fire-destroyer of the waves’) GOLD > GENEROUS MAN] went to meet a great host of warriors; Plácitus was disposed to distinguish himself in battle. Menace issued from {the suppressor of sin} [HOLY MAN]; {the wolf-feeders} [WARRIORS] fled then; {God’s retainer} [HOLY MAN] was able to gain the victory; the battle was fought well.

Mss: 673b(4v-5r)

Readings: [1] hranna: ‘h[...]ɴa’ 673b, ‘hraɴa’ 673bÞH    [2] hyrbrjótr liði: ‘hyr[...]iþe’ 673b, ‘hyr[...]e’ 673bÞH, ‘hyr(briotr) liþe’(?) 673bFJ    [3] í: ok 673b;    kn: ‘so[...]’ 673b;    fremja: ‘f[...]emia’ 673b, ‘[...]mia’ 673bÞH, ‘fremia’ 673bFJ    [4] Plácitus: ‘placit’ abbreviation not visible 673b, ‘placitus’ 673bÞH, 673bFJ;    miklu: ‘m[...]’ 673b, ‘mikli’ or ‘mikla’ 673bSE, ‘[...]’ 673bÞH, ‘miklō’ 673bFJ    [7] gagni: ‘g[...]gne’ 673b, ‘gegne’ 673bÞH, 673bFJ    [8] gr: ‘gavtr’ 673b;    ráða: ‘[...]aþa’ 673b, ‘raþa’ 673bÞH

Editions: Skj AI, 616, Skj BI, 619, Skald I, 301, NN §§1255, 2493A, 2555; Sveinbjörn Egilsson 1833, 30, 59, Finnur Jónsson 1887, 241, Jón Helgason 1932-3, 159-60, Louis-Jensen 1998, 116.

Notes: [1-3] hranna hyrbrjótr fór at móti miklu liði hermanna ‘the destroyer of the fire of the waves [GOLD > GENEROUS MAN] went to meet a great host of warriors’: Finnur Jónsson (1887) claimed to read ‘hyrbriotr liþe’ but emended to -brióts, while reading Herr manna for the opening ‘Her maɴa’, making: Herr manna fór at móti miklu liði hranna hyrbrjóts ‘An army of men came towards the [man’s] great army’. Jón Helgason questioned the validity of normalising to herr as well as Finnur’s reading of the final <r> in the very unclear ‘hyrbriotr’. Jón’s interpretation is reproduced here. — [3] í ‘in’: Emendation proposed by Louis-Jensen 1998. Finnur retained the ms. ok, but sókn needs a prep. Kock (NN §§1255, 2493A) suggested at. — [5-8]: The wording of this helmingr is much closer to the C text of the prose saga than to the Lat. and A texts (Louis-Jensen 1998, cxxv).

References

  1. Bibliography
  2. Sveinbjörn Egilsson, ed. 1833. Brot af Placidus-drápu. Bessastaðir: Helgi Helgason.
  3. Jón Helgason. 1932-3. ‘Til skjaldedigtningen’. APS 7, 150-68.
  4. Skald = Kock, Ernst Albin, ed. 1946-50. Den norsk-isländska skaldediktningen. 2 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  5. NN = Kock, Ernst Albin. 1923-44. Notationes Norrœnæ: Anteckningar till Edda och skaldediktning. Lunds Universitets årsskrift new ser. 1. 28 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  6. Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1887. ‘Plácítúsdrápa’. In Opuscula Philologica: Mindre Afhandlinger, 210-64.
  7. Jón Helgason. 1932. ‘Nokkur íslenzk handrit frá 16. öld’. Skírnir 106, 143-68.
  8. Louis-Jensen, Jonna, ed. 1998. ‘Plácitus drápa’. In Tucker 1998, 89-130.
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