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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Pl 46VII

Jonna Louis-Jensen and Tarrin Wills (eds) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Plácitusdrápa 46’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 209-10.

Anonymous PoemsPlácitusdrápa
454647

es ‘is’

2. vera (verb): be, is, was, were, are, am

[1] es: ‘[...]r’ 673b

notes

[1, 3] es ... ræðr ‘is ... rules’: Emendations proposed by Sveinbjörn Egilsson (1833). All other conjectures in this st. proposed by Finnur Jónsson (1887).

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himna ‘of the heavens’

himinn (noun m.; °himins, dat. himni; himnar): heaven, sky

kennings

Harri himna
‘The king of the heavens ’
   = God

The king of the heavens → God
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harri ‘The king’

1. harri (noun m.; °-a): lord

kennings

Harri himna
‘The king of the heavens ’
   = God

The king of the heavens → God
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veg ‘honour’

2. vegr (noun m.; °-s/-ar, dat. -): honour

[2] veg sannan: ‘ve[...]’ 673b

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sannan ‘true’

2. sannr (adj.; °-an; compar. -ari, superl. -astr): true

[2] veg sannan: ‘ve[...]’ 673b

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ræðr ‘rules’

ráða (verb): advise, rule, interpret, decide

[3] ræðr: ‘r[...]þr’ 673b, ‘[...]þr’ 673bÞH

notes

[1, 3] es ... ræðr ‘is ... rules’: Emendations proposed by Sveinbjörn Egilsson (1833). All other conjectures in this st. proposed by Finnur Jónsson (1887).

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afl ‘’

2. afl (noun n.; °-s; *-): strength < aflsteldr (adj.)

[4] aflsteldr: ‘[...]fll steldr’ 673b, 673bÞH, ‘afll stelldr’ 673bFJ

notes

[4] aflsteldr ‘mighty’: This is the only occurrence of this cpd in ON. In LP, Finnur Jónsson suggests that the second element is from a verb *stella, related to the late OIcel. stelling ‘mast-step’ (MIcel. ‘posture, stance’).

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steldr ‘mighty’

[4] aflsteldr: ‘[...]fll steldr’ 673b, 673bÞH, ‘afll stelldr’ 673bFJ

notes

[4] aflsteldr ‘mighty’: This is the only occurrence of this cpd in ON. In LP, Finnur Jónsson suggests that the second element is from a verb *stella, related to the late OIcel. stelling ‘mast-step’ (MIcel. ‘posture, stance’).

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‘…’

(non-lexical)

[4] veldi: ‘[...]’ 673b, 673bÞH, ‘[...]uelde’ 673bFJ

notes

[4] veldi ‘…-power’: Sveinbjörn Egilsson proposed meginveldi ‘mighty kingdom’ here, but there is no evidence for the first element of his conjecture.

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veldi ‘power’

veldi (noun n.): realm

[4] veldi: ‘[...]’ 673b, 673bÞH, ‘[...]uelde’ 673bFJ

notes

[4] veldi ‘…-power’: Sveinbjörn Egilsson proposed meginveldi ‘mighty kingdom’ here, but there is no evidence for the first element of his conjecture.

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Lýtr ‘bows’

1. lúta (verb): (strong)

[5-8] abbrev. as ‘lytr.’ 673b

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engla ‘of angels’

1. engill (noun m.; °engils; englar): angel

[5-8] abbrev. as ‘lytr.’ 673b

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lið ‘The band’

lið (noun n.; °-s; -): retinue, troop

[5-8] abbrev. as ‘lytr.’ 673b

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ítrum ‘to the glorious’

ítr (adj.): glorious

[5-8] abbrev. as ‘lytr.’ 673b

kennings

ítrum angrhrjóðanda;
‘to the glorious sin-destroyer; ’
   = God

to the glorious sin-destroyer; → God
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angr ‘sin’

2. angr (noun n.): grief, sin < angrhrjóðandi (noun m.): sin-destroyer

[5-8] abbrev. as ‘lytr.’ 673b

kennings

ítrum angrhrjóðanda;
‘to the glorious sin-destroyer; ’
   = God

to the glorious sin-destroyer; → God
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hrjóðanda ‘destroyer’

hrjóðandi (noun m.): destroyer < angrhrjóðandi (noun m.): sin-destroyer

[5-8] abbrev. as ‘lytr.’ 673b

kennings

ítrum angrhrjóðanda;
‘to the glorious sin-destroyer; ’
   = God

to the glorious sin-destroyer; → God
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ok ‘and’

3. ok (conj.): and, but; also

[5-8] abbrev. as ‘lytr.’ 673b

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þjóðir ‘humankind’

þjóð (noun f.; °-ar, dat. -/-u; -ir): people

[5-8] abbrev. as ‘lytr.’ 673b

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einn ‘the one’

2. einn (pron.; °decl. cf. einn num.): one, alone

[5-8] abbrev. as ‘lytr.’ 673b

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es ‘is’

2. vera (verb): be, is, was, were, are, am

[5-8] abbrev. as ‘lytr.’ 673b

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ǫllu ‘than all’

allr (adj.): all

[5-8] abbrev. as ‘lytr.’ 673b

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allt ‘everything’

allr (adj.): all

[5-8] abbrev. as ‘lytr.’ 673b

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gótt ‘good’

góðr (adj.): good

[5-8] abbrev. as ‘lytr.’ 673b

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s ‘who’

2. er (conj.): who, which, when

[5-8] abbrev. as ‘lytr.’ 673b

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skóp ‘created’

2. skapa (verb): form

[5-8] abbrev. as ‘lytr.’ 673b

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