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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Pl 31VII

Jonna Louis-Jensen and Tarrin Wills (eds) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Plácitusdrápa 31’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 200-1.

Anonymous PoemsPlácitusdrápa
303132

dyggvan ‘honourable’

dyggr (adj.; °dyggvan/dyggan; compar. -vari/-ari/-ri, superl. -vastr/-astr/-str): trustworthy < hvardyggr (adj.)

[1] ‑dyggvan: ‑dyggva corrected from ‘‑dyggvan’ 673b

notes

[1, 6] -dyggvan, -stefni ‘honourable, -ruler’: Emendations proposed in Nj 1875-8, II, 52.

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hugga ‘to comfort’

hugga (verb): comfort

Close

happ ‘the mercy’

happ (noun n.; °-s; *-): fortune, luck < happmildr (adj.)

kennings

happmildr konungr láðhofs
‘the mercy-granting king of the earth-temple ’
   = God

the earth-temple → SKY/HEAVEN
the mercy-granting king of the SKY/HEAVEN → God

notes

[2] happmildr ‘mercy-granting’: Lit. ‘fortune-generous’ or ‘fortune-pious’, the only example of this cpd in poetry.

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mildr ‘granting’

mildr (adj.; °compar. -ri/-ari, superl. -astr): mild, gentle, gracious, generous < happmildr (adj.)

[2] ‑mildr: ‘mill[...]’ 673b

kennings

happmildr konungr láðhofs
‘the mercy-granting king of the earth-temple ’
   = God

the earth-temple → SKY/HEAVEN
the mercy-granting king of the SKY/HEAVEN → God

notes

[2] happmildr ‘mercy-granting’: Lit. ‘fortune-generous’ or ‘fortune-pious’, the only example of this cpd in poetry.

Close

konungr ‘king’

konungr (noun m.; °dat. -i, -s; -ar): king

kennings

happmildr konungr láðhofs
‘the mercy-granting king of the earth-temple ’
   = God

the earth-temple → SKY/HEAVEN
the mercy-granting king of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

láð ‘of the earth’

2. láð (noun n.): earth, land < láðhof (noun n.)

kennings

happmildr konungr láðhofs
‘the mercy-granting king of the earth-temple ’
   = God

the earth-temple → SKY/HEAVEN
the mercy-granting king of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

láð ‘of the earth’

2. láð (noun n.): earth, land < láðhof (noun n.)

kennings

happmildr konungr láðhofs
‘the mercy-granting king of the earth-temple ’
   = God

the earth-temple → SKY/HEAVEN
the mercy-granting king of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

hofs ‘temple’

1. hóf (noun n.; °-s; -): court, temple < láðhof (noun n.)

kennings

happmildr konungr láðhofs
‘the mercy-granting king of the earth-temple ’
   = God

the earth-temple → SKY/HEAVEN
the mercy-granting king of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

hofs ‘temple’

1. hóf (noun n.; °-s; -): court, temple < láðhof (noun n.)

kennings

happmildr konungr láðhofs
‘the mercy-granting king of the earth-temple ’
   = God

the earth-temple → SKY/HEAVEN
the mercy-granting king of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

lyp*ti ‘the bearing’

lyfta (verb): lift, raise < lyftimóði (noun m.)

[3] lyp*ti‑: ‘lyfste’ 673b

kennings

lyp*ti-Móða farms leggjar,
‘the bearing-Móði of the cargo of the arm, ’
   = MAN

the cargo of the arm, → GOLD
the bearing-Móði of the GOLD → MAN

notes

[3] lypti- ‘bearing-’: Ms. ‘lyfste’: cf. st. 26/1.

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Móða ‘Móði’

Móði (noun m.): Móði < lyftimóði (noun m.)

kennings

lyp*ti-Móða farms leggjar,
‘the bearing-Móði of the cargo of the arm, ’
   = MAN

the cargo of the arm, → GOLD
the bearing-Móði of the GOLD → MAN
Close

leggjar ‘of the arm’

leggr (noun m.; °-jar, dat. -; -ir): limb

kennings

lyp*ti-Móða farms leggjar,
‘the bearing-Móði of the cargo of the arm, ’
   = MAN

the cargo of the arm, → GOLD
the bearing-Móði of the GOLD → MAN
Close

leggjar ‘of the arm’

leggr (noun m.; °-jar, dat. -; -ir): limb

kennings

lyp*ti-Móða farms leggjar,
‘the bearing-Móði of the cargo of the arm, ’
   = MAN

the cargo of the arm, → GOLD
the bearing-Móði of the GOLD → MAN
Close

farms ‘of the cargo’

farmr (noun m.; °dat. -i; -ar): cargo

kennings

lyp*ti-Móða farms leggjar,
‘the bearing-Móði of the cargo of the arm, ’
   = MAN

the cargo of the arm, → GOLD
the bearing-Móði of the GOLD → MAN
Close

farms ‘of the cargo’

farmr (noun m.; °dat. -i; -ar): cargo

kennings

lyp*ti-Móða farms leggjar,
‘the bearing-Móði of the cargo of the arm, ’
   = MAN

the cargo of the arm, → GOLD
the bearing-Móði of the GOLD → MAN
Close

harmi ‘his sorrow’

Harmr (noun m.): Velfjorden

Close

þá ‘when’

2. þá (adv.): then

notes

[5] þás ‘when’: Finnur Jónsson (Skj B) emended to þá ‘then’ to make a main cl. here, but a main cl. would require a verb in syntactic position 2 and is in any case unnecessary.

Close

s ‘’

2. er (conj.): who, which, when

notes

[5] þás ‘when’: Finnur Jónsson (Skj B) emended to þá ‘then’ to make a main cl. here, but a main cl. would require a verb in syntactic position 2 and is in any case unnecessary.

Close

her ‘to the army’

herr (noun m.; °-s/-jar, dat. -; -jar, gen. -ja/herra): army, host < herstefnir (noun m.): army-leader

kennings

herstefni*
‘to the army-ruler ’
   = WARRIOR

to the army-ruler → WARRIOR
Close

stefni* ‘ruler’

stefnir (noun m.): commander < herstefnir (noun m.): army-leader

[6] ‑stefni*: ‑stefnir 673b

kennings

herstefni*
‘to the army-ruler ’
   = WARRIOR

to the army-ruler → WARRIOR

notes

[1, 6] -dyggvan, -stefni ‘honourable, -ruler’: Emendations proposed in Nj 1875-8, II, 52.

Close

sið ‘the faith’

siðr (noun m.; °-ar, dat. -/-i; -ir, acc. -u): faith, morals < siðbjóðr (noun m.)

kennings

siðbjóðr snotra lýða,
‘the faith-bringer to wise men, ’
   = Christ

the faith-bringer to wise men, → Christ
Close

bjóðr ‘bringer’

2. bjóðr (noun m.): inviter < siðbjóðr (noun m.)

kennings

siðbjóðr snotra lýða,
‘the faith-bringer to wise men, ’
   = Christ

the faith-bringer to wise men, → Christ
Close

snotra ‘to wise’

snotr (adj.): wise

kennings

siðbjóðr snotra lýða,
‘the faith-bringer to wise men, ’
   = Christ

the faith-bringer to wise men, → Christ
Close

lýða ‘men’

lýðr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -; -ir): one of the people

kennings

siðbjóðr snotra lýða,
‘the faith-bringer to wise men, ’
   = Christ

the faith-bringer to wise men, → Christ
Close

friðar ‘of peace’

friðr (noun m.): peace

kennings

veitir friðar,
‘the giver of peace, ’
   = Christ

the giver of peace, → Christ
Close

veitir ‘the giver’

veitir (noun m.): giver

kennings

veitir friðar,
‘the giver of peace, ’
   = Christ

the giver of peace, → Christ
Close

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