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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Pl 27VII

Jonna Louis-Jensen and Tarrin Wills (eds) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Plácitusdrápa 27’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 198.

Anonymous PoemsPlácitusdrápa
262728

Hyr ‘of the fire’

hyrr (noun m.): fire < hyrgeymir (noun m.)

[1] Hyrgeymi: ‘Hurg(e)y[...]’(?) 673b, 673bHE, ‘Hurgdys’ 673bÞH, ‘Hurgeyme’ 673bFJ

kennings

haukborðs hyrgeymi
‘fire-keeper of the hawk-table’
   = MAN

the hawk-table → ARM
the fire of the ARM → GOLD
the keeper of the GOLD → MAN
Close

Hyr ‘of the fire’

hyrr (noun m.): fire < hyrgeymir (noun m.)

[1] Hyrgeymi: ‘Hurg(e)y[...]’(?) 673b, 673bHE, ‘Hurgdys’ 673bÞH, ‘Hurgeyme’ 673bFJ

kennings

haukborðs hyrgeymi
‘fire-keeper of the hawk-table’
   = MAN

the hawk-table → ARM
the fire of the ARM → GOLD
the keeper of the GOLD → MAN
Close

geymi ‘the keeper’

geymir (noun m.): guardian, keeper < hyrgeymir (noun m.)

[1] Hyrgeymi: ‘Hurg(e)y[...]’(?) 673b, 673bHE, ‘Hurgdys’ 673bÞH, ‘Hurgeyme’ 673bFJ

kennings

haukborðs hyrgeymi
‘fire-keeper of the hawk-table’
   = MAN

the hawk-table → ARM
the fire of the ARM → GOLD
the keeper of the GOLD → MAN
Close

frá ‘have heard’

1. fregna (verb): hear of

Close

vitjuðu ‘visited’

vitja (verb): visit

Close

sitja ‘sat’

sitja (verb): sit

Close

hauk ‘of the hawk’

1. haukr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i/-; -ar): hawk < haukborð (noun n.)

kennings

haukborðs hyrgeymi
‘fire-keeper of the hawk-table’
   = MAN

the hawk-table → ARM
the fire of the ARM → GOLD
the keeper of the GOLD → MAN
Close

hauk ‘of the hawk’

1. haukr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i/-; -ar): hawk < haukborð (noun n.)

kennings

haukborðs hyrgeymi
‘fire-keeper of the hawk-table’
   = MAN

the hawk-table → ARM
the fire of the ARM → GOLD
the keeper of the GOLD → MAN
Close

hauk ‘of the hawk’

1. haukr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i/-; -ar): hawk < haukborð (noun n.)

kennings

haukborðs hyrgeymi
‘fire-keeper of the hawk-table’
   = MAN

the hawk-table → ARM
the fire of the ARM → GOLD
the keeper of the GOLD → MAN
Close

borðs ‘table’

borð (noun n.; °-s; -): side, plank, board; table < haukborð (noun n.)

kennings

haukborðs hyrgeymi
‘fire-keeper of the hawk-table’
   = MAN

the hawk-table → ARM
the fire of the ARM → GOLD
the keeper of the GOLD → MAN
Close

borðs ‘table’

borð (noun n.; °-s; -): side, plank, board; table < haukborð (noun n.)

kennings

haukborðs hyrgeymi
‘fire-keeper of the hawk-table’
   = MAN

the hawk-table → ARM
the fire of the ARM → GOLD
the keeper of the GOLD → MAN
Close

borðs ‘table’

borð (noun n.; °-s; -): side, plank, board; table < haukborð (noun n.)

kennings

haukborðs hyrgeymi
‘fire-keeper of the hawk-table’
   = MAN

the hawk-table → ARM
the fire of the ARM → GOLD
the keeper of the GOLD → MAN
Close

vinir ‘friends’

vinr (noun m.; °-ar, dat. -/(-i OsvReyk 92.17); -ir): friend

[4] vinir: ‘viþ[...]’ 673b, ‘viþa’ or ‘viþir’, ‘vinir’ 673bÞH, ‘viþa’ 673bFJ

notes

[3] vinir forðum ‘friends ... in days gone by’: Skj B takes forðum with the cl. ... sitja heim, which creates a tripartite l. The present reading was suggested by Kock (NN §1248).

Close

forðum ‘in days gone by’

forðum (adv.): formerly, once

notes

[3] vinir forðum ‘friends ... in days gone by’: Skj B takes forðum with the cl. ... sitja heim, which creates a tripartite l. The present reading was suggested by Kock (NN §1248).

Close

afkárr ‘distraught’

afkárr (adj.): difficult, distraught

notes

[6] afkárr ‘distraught’: This word is defined variously as ‘?difficult, contrary’ (ONP); vanskelig at komme tilrette med ‘difficult to come to agreement with’ (Fritzner); meget kraftig, ... voldsom ‘very strong, ... violent’ (LP); ‘strange, prodigious’ (CVC).

Close

mína ‘my’

minn (pron.; °f. mín, n. mitt): my

[7] mína: ‘m[...](a)’(?) 673b

Close

gripu ‘have seized’

grípa (verb): seize, grasp

[8] gripu: om. 673b

notes

[8] gripu ‘have seized’: Emendation proposed by Finnur Jónsson 1887. Kock suggested rifu ‘have torn (up)’ (NN §2135B), citing the more common collocation of the verb rífa with animals. Jón Helgason, however, pointed out that grípa matches the prose text (cf. Tucker 1998, 39); in any case, the prose and poetic texts are all clear that the boys survive.

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

As all versions of the prose text make clear (Tucker 1998, 38-9), Plácitus is here making an unfavourable comparison between his own sad condition and that of Job, arguing to God that his own trials have been far worse than that of the biblical figure.

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