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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Pl 26VII

Jonna Louis-Jensen and Tarrin Wills (eds) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Plácitusdrápa 26’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 197-8.

Anonymous PoemsPlácitusdrápa
252627

heiptar ‘of wrath’

heift (noun f.; °-ar; -ir): hatred, enmity

kennings

harmtvistr hnekkir heiptar
‘the sorrow-muted subduer of wrath ’
   = HOLY MAN

the sorrow-muted subduer of wrath → HOLY MAN

notes

[1] heiptar ‘of wrath’: Ms. ‘heifstar’. The ‘s’ may be etymological (cf. ANG §291, Anm. 2 and §237, Anm. 2). Cf. 31/3.

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hnekkir ‘subduer’

hnekkir (noun m.): subduer

kennings

harmtvistr hnekkir heiptar
‘the sorrow-muted subduer of wrath ’
   = HOLY MAN

the sorrow-muted subduer of wrath → HOLY MAN
Close

harm ‘the sorrow’

1. harmr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i; -ar): sorrow, grief < harmtvistr (adj.)

kennings

harmtvistr hnekkir heiptar
‘the sorrow-muted subduer of wrath ’
   = HOLY MAN

the sorrow-muted subduer of wrath → HOLY MAN
Close

tvistr ‘muted’

2. tvistr (adj.): repentant, muted < harmtvistr (adj.)

kennings

harmtvistr hnekkir heiptar
‘the sorrow-muted subduer of wrath ’
   = HOLY MAN

the sorrow-muted subduer of wrath → HOLY MAN
Close

dýrðar ‘of glory’

dýrð (noun f.; °-ar/-a(NoDipl(1279) 44²ˆ); -ir): glory

kennings

vôttr dýrðar —
‘the witness of glory ’
   = MARTYR

the witness of glory → MARTYR

notes

[3] vôttr dýrðar ‘witness of glory’: With this expression for a martyr, cf. the same phrase in ESk Geisl 62/3 and Note ad loc.

Close

vôttr ‘the witness’

váttr (noun m.; °váttar; dat. vátt/vǽtti; váttar/vǽttir, acc. vátta/váttu/vǽtta): witness

kennings

vôttr dýrðar —
‘the witness of glory ’
   = MARTYR

the witness of glory → MARTYR

notes

[3] vôttr dýrðar ‘witness of glory’: With this expression for a martyr, cf. the same phrase in ESk Geisl 62/3 and Note ad loc.

Close

við ‘’

2. við (prep.): with, against

notes

[3] við dróttin ‘the Lord’: Kock (NN §1248) points out that this prepositional phrase could just as well belong to the cl. with mælti, i.e. ‘... spoke to the Lord – addressed [him] familiarly...’.

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dróttin ‘the Lord’

dróttinn (noun m.; °dróttins, dat. dróttni (drottini [$1049$]); dróttnar): lord, master

notes

[3] við dróttin ‘the Lord’: Kock (NN §1248) points out that this prepositional phrase could just as well belong to the cl. with mælti, i.e. ‘... spoke to the Lord – addressed [him] familiarly...’.

Close

gerði ‘addressed’

1. gera (verb): do, make

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mæ*lti ‘spoke’

1. mæla (verb): speak, say

[4] mæ*lti: ‘metlte’ 673b

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Éls ‘of the storm’

él (noun n.; °; dat. -um): storm

kennings

frægr valderir foldar éls;
‘renowned ruler of the ground of the storm; ’
   = God

the ground of the storm; → SKY/HEAVEN
renowned ruler of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

Éls ‘of the storm’

él (noun n.; °; dat. -um): storm

kennings

frægr valderir foldar éls;
‘renowned ruler of the ground of the storm; ’
   = God

the ground of the storm; → SKY/HEAVEN
renowned ruler of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

n ‘I’

ek (pron.; °mín, dat. mér, acc. mik): I, me

[6] ns: ‘mier’ 673b

Close

s ‘have been’

2. vera (verb): be, is, was, were, are, am

[6] ns: ‘mier’ 673b

Close

frægr ‘renowned’

frægr (adj.; °-jan/-an; compar. -ri, superl. -jastr/-astr/-str): famous, renowned

kennings

frægr valderir foldar éls;
‘renowned ruler of the ground of the storm; ’
   = God

the ground of the storm; → SKY/HEAVEN
renowned ruler of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

valderir ‘ruler’

valderir (noun m.): [ruler]

kennings

frægr valderir foldar éls;
‘renowned ruler of the ground of the storm; ’
   = God

the ground of the storm; → SKY/HEAVEN
renowned ruler of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

foldar ‘of the ground’

fold (noun f.): land

[7] foldar: ‘f[...]dar’ 673b, foldar 673bÞH, 673bFJ

kennings

frægr valderir foldar éls;
‘renowned ruler of the ground of the storm; ’
   = God

the ground of the storm; → SKY/HEAVEN
renowned ruler of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

foldar ‘of the ground’

fold (noun f.): land

[7] foldar: ‘f[...]dar’ 673b, foldar 673bÞH, 673bFJ

kennings

frægr valderir foldar éls;
‘renowned ruler of the ground of the storm; ’
   = God

the ground of the storm; → SKY/HEAVEN
renowned ruler of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

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