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skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Pl 20VII

Jonna Louis-Jensen and Tarrin Wills (eds) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Plácitusdrápa 20’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 194.

Anonymous PoemsPlácitusdrápa
192021

Sýnir ‘The demonstrator’

sýnir (noun m.): [demonstrator]

kennings

Sýnir trausts seggja
‘The demonstrator of support to men ’
   = RULER

The demonstrator of support to men → RULER
Close

seggja ‘to men’

seggr (noun m.; °; -ir): man

kennings

Sýnir trausts seggja
‘The demonstrator of support to men ’
   = RULER

The demonstrator of support to men → RULER
Close

trausts ‘of support’

traust (noun n.; °-s/-): support, protection

[2] trausts: ‘trauste’ or ‘traustc’ or ‘trausts’ 673bÞH, ‘traustc’ 673bFJ

kennings

Sýnir trausts seggja
‘The demonstrator of support to men ’
   = RULER

The demonstrator of support to men → RULER
Close

flausti ‘the ship’

flaustr (noun n.): ship

Close

þung ‘heavy’

þungr (adj.): heavy

Close

unga ‘young’

ungr (adj.): young

Close

Seim ‘The gold’

2. seimr (noun m.; °dat. -i): gold < seimtýnir (noun m.)

kennings

Seimtýnir
‘The gold-destroyer ’
   = GENEROUS MAN

The gold-destroyer → GENEROUS MAN
Close

týnir ‘destroyer’

týnir (noun m.): destroyer < seimtýnir (noun m.)

kennings

Seimtýnir
‘The gold-destroyer ’
   = GENEROUS MAN

The gold-destroyer → GENEROUS MAN
Close

kom ‘brought’

koma (verb; kem, kom/kvam, kominn): come

[5] kom: om. 673b

Close

sveinum ‘the boys’

sveinn (noun m.; °sveins; sveinar): boy, servant, attendant

notes

[5] sveinum ‘the boys’: Cf. NN §1246. Finnur Jónsson (1887 and Skj B) emends to sveina and reads with báða ‘both’, but transitive koma ‘bring’ with dat. object is unproblematic.

Close

søkk ‘of the jewel’

2. søkk (noun n.): treasure < søkkmeiðr (noun m.)

[6] søkk‑: ‘sc[...]k’ 673b, ‘scok’ 673bÞH, ‘s.ok’ 673bFJ

kennings

nenninn borðs* søkkmeiðr
‘jewel-tree of the gunwale’
   = SEAFARER

the jewel of the gunwale → SHIELD
the brave tree of the SHIELD → SEAFARER

notes

[6] søkk- ‘jewel-’: Emendation proposed by Jón Helgason 1932-3. Skj B has sól- ‘sun’ but this involves further emendation of the ‘k’ visible in the ms.

Close

søkk ‘of the jewel’

2. søkk (noun n.): treasure < søkkmeiðr (noun m.)

[6] søkk‑: ‘sc[...]k’ 673b, ‘scok’ 673bÞH, ‘s.ok’ 673bFJ

kennings

nenninn borðs* søkkmeiðr
‘jewel-tree of the gunwale’
   = SEAFARER

the jewel of the gunwale → SHIELD
the brave tree of the SHIELD → SEAFARER

notes

[6] søkk- ‘jewel-’: Emendation proposed by Jón Helgason 1932-3. Skj B has sól- ‘sun’ but this involves further emendation of the ‘k’ visible in the ms.

Close

meiðr ‘tree’

meiðr (noun m.): beam, tree < søkkmeiðr (noun m.)

kennings

nenninn borðs* søkkmeiðr
‘jewel-tree of the gunwale’
   = SEAFARER

the jewel of the gunwale → SHIELD
the brave tree of the SHIELD → SEAFARER
Close

borðs* ‘of the gunwale’

borð (noun n.; °-s; -): side, plank, board; table

[7] borðs*: ‘borþsc’ 673b

kennings

nenninn borðs* søkkmeiðr
‘jewel-tree of the gunwale’
   = SEAFARER

the jewel of the gunwale → SHIELD
the brave tree of the SHIELD → SEAFARER
Close

borðs* ‘of the gunwale’

borð (noun n.; °-s; -): side, plank, board; table

[7] borðs*: ‘borþsc’ 673b

kennings

nenninn borðs* søkkmeiðr
‘jewel-tree of the gunwale’
   = SEAFARER

the jewel of the gunwale → SHIELD
the brave tree of the SHIELD → SEAFARER
Close

‘did not’

né (conj.): nor

Close

þorði ‘dare’

þora (verb): dare

Close

senn ‘at once’

senn (adv.): at once

Close

nenninn ‘the brave’

nenninn (adj.): vigorous

kennings

nenninn borðs* søkkmeiðr
‘jewel-tree of the gunwale’
   = SEAFARER

the jewel of the gunwale → SHIELD
the brave tree of the SHIELD → SEAFARER
Close

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