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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Pét 31VII

David McDougall (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Pétrsdrápa 31’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 823.

Anonymous PoemsPétrsdrápa
303132

Mætti ‘met’

mœta (verb): meet

notes

[1, 2] hann mætti tvennum mundangsháttum ‘he met with two balanced ways’: Finnur Jónsson (Skj B) translates: Han mødte to slags adfærd (?) ‘He met with two types of behaviour (?)’. Kock (NN §3373A) argues that the sense of mundangsháttr ‘moderate mode of action, behaviour’ is intentionally ironic (cf. GunnlI Lv 1/1V mundangssterkr ‘middlingly strong’), and that the reference is to two harsh treatments suffered by Peter: his imprisonment in Jerusalem, and crucifixion in Rome. It seems more likely, however, that the two mundangshættir referred to are the balanced actions of binding and loosing on earth and in heaven referred to in st. 32.

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hann ‘He’

hann (pron.; °gen. hans, dat. honum; f. hon, gen. hennar, acc. hana): he, she, it, they, them...

notes

[1, 2] hann mætti tvennum mundangsháttum ‘he met with two balanced ways’: Finnur Jónsson (Skj B) translates: Han mødte to slags adfærd (?) ‘He met with two types of behaviour (?)’. Kock (NN §3373A) argues that the sense of mundangsháttr ‘moderate mode of action, behaviour’ is intentionally ironic (cf. GunnlI Lv 1/1V mundangssterkr ‘middlingly strong’), and that the reference is to two harsh treatments suffered by Peter: his imprisonment in Jerusalem, and crucifixion in Rome. It seems more likely, however, that the two mundangshættir referred to are the balanced actions of binding and loosing on earth and in heaven referred to in st. 32.

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mundangs ‘balanced’

mundang (noun n.; °-s; gen. -a): appropriate < mundangsháttr (noun m.)

notes

[1, 2] hann mætti tvennum mundangsháttum ‘he met with two balanced ways’: Finnur Jónsson (Skj B) translates: Han mødte to slags adfærd (?) ‘He met with two types of behaviour (?)’. Kock (NN §3373A) argues that the sense of mundangsháttr ‘moderate mode of action, behaviour’ is intentionally ironic (cf. GunnlI Lv 1/1V mundangssterkr ‘middlingly strong’), and that the reference is to two harsh treatments suffered by Peter: his imprisonment in Jerusalem, and crucifixion in Rome. It seems more likely, however, that the two mundangshættir referred to are the balanced actions of binding and loosing on earth and in heaven referred to in st. 32.

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háttum ‘ways’

1. háttr (noun m.; °-ar, dat. hætti; hættir, acc. háttu): behaviour, measure, verse-form < mundangsháttr (noun m.)

notes

[1, 2] hann mætti tvennum mundangsháttum ‘he met with two balanced ways’: Finnur Jónsson (Skj B) translates: Han mødte to slags adfærd (?) ‘He met with two types of behaviour (?)’. Kock (NN §3373A) argues that the sense of mundangsháttr ‘moderate mode of action, behaviour’ is intentionally ironic (cf. GunnlI Lv 1/1V mundangssterkr ‘middlingly strong’), and that the reference is to two harsh treatments suffered by Peter: his imprisonment in Jerusalem, and crucifixion in Rome. It seems more likely, however, that the two mundangshættir referred to are the balanced actions of binding and loosing on earth and in heaven referred to in st. 32.

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tvennum ‘with two’

tvennr (adj.): two

notes

[1, 2] hann mætti tvennum mundangsháttum ‘he met with two balanced ways’: Finnur Jónsson (Skj B) translates: Han mødte to slags adfærd (?) ‘He met with two types of behaviour (?)’. Kock (NN §3373A) argues that the sense of mundangsháttr ‘moderate mode of action, behaviour’ is intentionally ironic (cf. GunnlI Lv 1/1V mundangssterkr ‘middlingly strong’), and that the reference is to two harsh treatments suffered by Peter: his imprisonment in Jerusalem, and crucifixion in Rome. It seems more likely, however, that the two mundangshættir referred to are the balanced actions of binding and loosing on earth and in heaven referred to in st. 32.

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stóð ‘he stood’

standa (verb): stand

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óhallr ‘upright’

óhallr (adj.): [upright]

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á ‘on’

3. á (prep.): on, at

notes

[4] á siðapalli ‘on the step of faith’: Cf. st. 8/8 pall siðlætis ‘the step of virtue’ and Note.

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siða ‘of faith’

siðr (noun m.; °-ar, dat. -/-i; -ir, acc. -u): faith, morals < siðapallr (noun m.)

notes

[4] á siðapalli ‘on the step of faith’: Cf. st. 8/8 pall siðlætis ‘the step of virtue’ and Note.

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palli ‘the step’

pallr (noun m.; °dat. -i; -ar): bench, step < siðapallr (noun m.)

notes

[4] á siðapalli ‘on the step of faith’: Cf. st. 8/8 pall siðlætis ‘the step of virtue’ and Note.

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laun ‘reward’

3. laun (noun n.; °-; -): rewards

notes

[5] fyr laun dygðar ‘as reward for virtue’: For parallels see NN §1733. For fyr [= fyrir] ‘as’, see Fritzner: fyrir 28.

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fyr ‘as’

fyr (prep.): for, over, because of, etc.

notes

[5] fyr laun dygðar ‘as reward for virtue’: For parallels see NN §1733. For fyr [= fyrir] ‘as’, see Fritzner: fyrir 28.

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dygðar ‘for virtue’

dyggð (noun f.; °-ar; -ir): virtue

notes

[5] fyr laun dygðar ‘as reward for virtue’: For parallels see NN §1733. For fyr [= fyrir] ‘as’, see Fritzner: fyrir 28.

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lærisveini ‘disciple’

lærisveinn (noun m.): disciple

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stinn* ‘strong’

stinnr (adj.): stiff, firm

[8] stinn*: stinnir 621

notes

[8] stinn* ‘strong’: Ms. ‘stinnir’ emended to agree with orð (n. acc. pl.), l. 7.

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