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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Pét 27VII

David McDougall (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Pétrsdrápa 27’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 819-20.

Anonymous PoemsPétrsdrápa
262728

Pétrus ‘Peter’

Pétr (noun m.): Peter

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princeps ‘the prince’

princeps (noun ?): prince

notes

[1-2] princeps ... postulanna ‘the prince of Apostles’: Cf., e.g., Thesaurus Linguae Latinae: princeps III.A.2.c (1287/75-8/1) apostolorum ... (de Petro).

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postulanna ‘of Apostles’

postuli (noun m.; °-a; -ar): apostle

notes

[1-2] princeps ... postulanna ‘the prince of Apostles’: Cf., e.g., Thesaurus Linguae Latinae: princeps III.A.2.c (1287/75-8/1) apostolorum ... (de Petro). — [2]: The line is unmetrical unless we assume that <u> was pronounced [u:], which is possible.

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postulanna ‘of Apostles’

postuli (noun m.; °-a; -ar): apostle

notes

[1-2] princeps ... postulanna ‘the prince of Apostles’: Cf., e.g., Thesaurus Linguae Latinae: princeps III.A.2.c (1287/75-8/1) apostolorum ... (de Petro). — [2]: The line is unmetrical unless we assume that <u> was pronounced [u:], which is possible.

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sannaz ‘he is proven’

2. sanna (verb): prove

notes

[2]: The line is unmetrical unless we assume that <u> was pronounced [u:], which is possible. — [2-3] sannaz ‘Céphás’ ‘he is proven [to be] “Cephas”’: Cf. John I.42: tu vocaberis Cephas quod interpretatur Petrus ‘thou shalt be called Cephas, which is interpreted Peter’; Pétr 2/21-30: Sem Jesus sa hann, tok hann sva til orða: ‘þu ert Simon Johannis son, þu kallaz Cephas, þat þyðiz Petrus.’ ... þat er kunnigt, at Simon þyðiz hlyðinn, en Petrus ok Cephas þyðiz steinn; Cephas þyðiz ok ho᷎fuð at so᷎gn Ysidori byskups, ok heyra þessar allar merkingar storliga vel sælum Petro. En þat truiz, at þa hafi varr herra honum fastliga Petrs nafn gefit, er hann skipaði hann fyrstan i tolu .xii. postola. ‘When Jesus saw him, he began to speak these words: “Thou art Simon the son of John, thou art called Cephas, which is translated Petrus.” ... That is well known, that Simon is translated “obedient”, and Petrus and Cephas are translated “stone”. Cephas is also translated “head” according to the report of bishop Isidore, and all these meanings belong exceedingly well to the blessed Peter. But that is believed, that our Lord gave him the name of Peter permanently, when he placed him first in the number of the twelve Apostles.’ Cf. Isidore, Etym., 7.9.3: Cephas dictus eo quod in capite sit constitutus Apostolorum; κεφαλή enim Graece caput dicitur et ipsud nomen in Petro Syrum est. ‘He is called Cephas because he is placed as the head of the Apostles: for the head is called κεφαλή in Greek and the same name for Peter is Syrian.’ Finnur Jónsson (Skj B) interprets ms. sannaz as sannast, superlative n. nom./acc. sg. of sannr used adverbially: sandest tolkes det navn ved ‘Kefas’ eller ‘sten’ ‘most truly that name is interpreted “Kefas” or “stone”’. But this paraphrase does not deal with þvísa (= þessu) (l. 3). Sannaz is taken here as refl. 3rd pers. sg. pres. indic. of sanna: ‘he is proven [to be] “Cephas” (i.e. head, leader)’.

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sannaz ‘he is proven’

2. sanna (verb): prove

notes

[2]: The line is unmetrical unless we assume that <u> was pronounced [u:], which is possible. — [2-3] sannaz ‘Céphás’ ‘he is proven [to be] “Cephas”’: Cf. John I.42: tu vocaberis Cephas quod interpretatur Petrus ‘thou shalt be called Cephas, which is interpreted Peter’; Pétr 2/21-30: Sem Jesus sa hann, tok hann sva til orða: ‘þu ert Simon Johannis son, þu kallaz Cephas, þat þyðiz Petrus.’ ... þat er kunnigt, at Simon þyðiz hlyðinn, en Petrus ok Cephas þyðiz steinn; Cephas þyðiz ok ho᷎fuð at so᷎gn Ysidori byskups, ok heyra þessar allar merkingar storliga vel sælum Petro. En þat truiz, at þa hafi varr herra honum fastliga Petrs nafn gefit, er hann skipaði hann fyrstan i tolu .xii. postola. ‘When Jesus saw him, he began to speak these words: “Thou art Simon the son of John, thou art called Cephas, which is translated Petrus.” ... That is well known, that Simon is translated “obedient”, and Petrus and Cephas are translated “stone”. Cephas is also translated “head” according to the report of bishop Isidore, and all these meanings belong exceedingly well to the blessed Peter. But that is believed, that our Lord gave him the name of Peter permanently, when he placed him first in the number of the twelve Apostles.’ Cf. Isidore, Etym., 7.9.3: Cephas dictus eo quod in capite sit constitutus Apostolorum; κεφαλή enim Graece caput dicitur et ipsud nomen in Petro Syrum est. ‘He is called Cephas because he is placed as the head of the Apostles: for the head is called κεφαλή in Greek and the same name for Peter is Syrian.’ Finnur Jónsson (Skj B) interprets ms. sannaz as sannast, superlative n. nom./acc. sg. of sannr used adverbially: sandest tolkes det navn ved ‘Kefas’ eller ‘sten’ ‘most truly that name is interpreted “Kefas” or “stone”’. But this paraphrase does not deal with þvísa (= þessu) (l. 3). Sannaz is taken here as refl. 3rd pers. sg. pres. indic. of sanna: ‘he is proven [to be] “Cephas” (i.e. head, leader)’.

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Céphás ‘Cephas’

notes

[2-3] sannaz ‘Céphás’ ‘he is proven [to be] “Cephas”’: Cf. John I.42: tu vocaberis Cephas quod interpretatur Petrus ‘thou shalt be called Cephas, which is interpreted Peter’; Pétr 2/21-30: Sem Jesus sa hann, tok hann sva til orða: ‘þu ert Simon Johannis son, þu kallaz Cephas, þat þyðiz Petrus.’ ... þat er kunnigt, at Simon þyðiz hlyðinn, en Petrus ok Cephas þyðiz steinn; Cephas þyðiz ok ho᷎fuð at so᷎gn Ysidori byskups, ok heyra þessar allar merkingar storliga vel sælum Petro. En þat truiz, at þa hafi varr herra honum fastliga Petrs nafn gefit, er hann skipaði hann fyrstan i tolu .xii. postola. ‘When Jesus saw him, he began to speak these words: “Thou art Simon the son of John, thou art called Cephas, which is translated Petrus.” ... That is well known, that Simon is translated “obedient”, and Petrus and Cephas are translated “stone”. Cephas is also translated “head” according to the report of bishop Isidore, and all these meanings belong exceedingly well to the blessed Peter. But that is believed, that our Lord gave him the name of Peter permanently, when he placed him first in the number of the twelve Apostles.’ Cf. Isidore, Etym., 7.9.3: Cephas dictus eo quod in capite sit constitutus Apostolorum; κεφαλή enim Graece caput dicitur et ipsud nomen in Petro Syrum est. ‘He is called Cephas because he is placed as the head of the Apostles: for the head is called κεφαλή in Greek and the same name for Peter is Syrian.’ Finnur Jónsson (Skj B) interprets ms. sannaz as sannast, superlative n. nom./acc. sg. of sannr used adverbially: sandest tolkes det navn ved ‘Kefas’ eller ‘sten’ ‘most truly that name is interpreted “Kefas” or “stone”’. But this paraphrase does not deal with þvísa (= þessu) (l. 3). Sannaz is taken here as refl. 3rd pers. sg. pres. indic. of sanna: ‘he is proven [to be] “Cephas” (i.e. head, leader)’.

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þýðiz ‘is interpreted’

2. þýða (verb): interpret

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jafnan ‘always’

jafnan (adv.): always

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* ‘’

(non-lexical)

[5] *: kvað 621

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sunnu ‘of the sun’

sunna (noun f.): sun

kennings

Deilir sunnu
‘The ruler of the sun ’
   = God

The ruler of the sun → God
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deilir ‘The ruler’

deilir (noun m.): ruler, ordainer

kennings

Deilir sunnu
‘The ruler of the sun ’
   = God

The ruler of the sun → God
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sið ‘virtue’

siðr (noun m.; °-ar, dat. -/-i; -ir, acc. -u): faith, morals < siðspennir (noun m.)

kennings

þenna siðspenni
‘this virtue-clasper ’
   = APOSTLE

this virtue-clasper → APOSTLE
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spenni ‘clasper’

spennir (noun m.): clasper < siðspennir (noun m.)

kennings

þenna siðspenni
‘this virtue-clasper ’
   = APOSTLE

this virtue-clasper → APOSTLE
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kvað ‘said’

2. kveðja (verb): say, greet

[6] kvað: vera 621

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þenna ‘this’

1. sjá (pron.; °gen. þessa dat. þessum/þeima, acc. þenna; f. sjá/þessi; n. þetta, dat. þessu/þvísa; pl. þessir): this

kennings

þenna siðspenni
‘this virtue-clasper ’
   = APOSTLE

this virtue-clasper → APOSTLE
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treysta ‘bolster’

treysta (verb): trust, believe in

[7] treysta: treystir 621

notes

[7] treysta ‘bolster’: Ms. ‘treystir’, emended to agree with pl. subject.

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sterka ‘strong’

sterkr (adj.): strong

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[5-6]: Cf. Note to st. 24/1-2 and ms. readings above. Kock (Skald) accepts Finnur Jónsson’s emendation (Skj B) of vera to kvað ‘said’, also adopted here.

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