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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Óldr 4I

Kate Heslop (ed.) 2012, ‘Anonymous Poems, Óláfs drápa Tryggvasonar 4’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 1036.

Anonymous PoemsÓláfs drápa Tryggvasonar
345

Regg ‘of the boat’

regg (noun n.): boat, vessel < reggstrind (noun f.)

kennings

Ráðfimr, auðmildr reggstrindar jóskreytandi
‘stallion-adorner of the boat-land’
   = SEAFARER

the boat-land → SEA
the stallion of the SEA → SHIP
The counsel-swift, wealth-generous adorner of the SHIP → SEAFARER
Close

Regg ‘of the boat’

regg (noun n.): boat, vessel < reggstrind (noun f.)

kennings

Ráðfimr, auðmildr reggstrindar jóskreytandi
‘stallion-adorner of the boat-land’
   = SEAFARER

the boat-land → SEA
the stallion of the SEA → SHIP
The counsel-swift, wealth-generous adorner of the SHIP → SEAFARER
Close

Regg ‘of the boat’

regg (noun n.): boat, vessel < reggstrind (noun f.)

kennings

Ráðfimr, auðmildr reggstrindar jóskreytandi
‘stallion-adorner of the boat-land’
   = SEAFARER

the boat-land → SEA
the stallion of the SEA → SHIP
The counsel-swift, wealth-generous adorner of the SHIP → SEAFARER
Close

strindar ‘land’

strind (noun f.): land < reggstrind (noun f.)

kennings

Ráðfimr, auðmildr reggstrindar jóskreytandi
‘stallion-adorner of the boat-land’
   = SEAFARER

the boat-land → SEA
the stallion of the SEA → SHIP
The counsel-swift, wealth-generous adorner of the SHIP → SEAFARER
Close

strindar ‘land’

strind (noun f.): land < reggstrind (noun f.)

kennings

Ráðfimr, auðmildr reggstrindar jóskreytandi
‘stallion-adorner of the boat-land’
   = SEAFARER

the boat-land → SEA
the stallion of the SEA → SHIP
The counsel-swift, wealth-generous adorner of the SHIP → SEAFARER
Close

strindar ‘land’

strind (noun f.): land < reggstrind (noun f.)

kennings

Ráðfimr, auðmildr reggstrindar jóskreytandi
‘stallion-adorner of the boat-land’
   = SEAFARER

the boat-land → SEA
the stallion of the SEA → SHIP
The counsel-swift, wealth-generous adorner of the SHIP → SEAFARER
Close

ráð ‘The counsel’

ráð (noun n.; °-s; -): advice, plan, control, power < ráðfimr (adj.)

kennings

Ráðfimr, auðmildr reggstrindar jóskreytandi
‘stallion-adorner of the boat-land’
   = SEAFARER

the boat-land → SEA
the stallion of the SEA → SHIP
The counsel-swift, wealth-generous adorner of the SHIP → SEAFARER
Close

fimr ‘swift’

fimr (adj.; °compar. -ari, superl. -astr): agile, deft < ráðfimr (adj.)

kennings

Ráðfimr, auðmildr reggstrindar jóskreytandi
‘stallion-adorner of the boat-land’
   = SEAFARER

the boat-land → SEA
the stallion of the SEA → SHIP
The counsel-swift, wealth-generous adorner of the SHIP → SEAFARER
Close

snimma ‘early’

snemma (adv.): early

Close

‘of the stallion’

jór (noun m.): stallion, steed < jóskreytandi (noun m.)

kennings

Ráðfimr, auðmildr reggstrindar jóskreytandi
‘stallion-adorner of the boat-land’
   = SEAFARER

the boat-land → SEA
the stallion of the SEA → SHIP
The counsel-swift, wealth-generous adorner of the SHIP → SEAFARER
Close

‘of the stallion’

jór (noun m.): stallion, steed < jóskreytandi (noun m.)

kennings

Ráðfimr, auðmildr reggstrindar jóskreytandi
‘stallion-adorner of the boat-land’
   = SEAFARER

the boat-land → SEA
the stallion of the SEA → SHIP
The counsel-swift, wealth-generous adorner of the SHIP → SEAFARER
Close

skreytandi ‘adorner’

skreytandi (noun m.): adorner < jóskreytandi (noun m.)

kennings

Ráðfimr, auðmildr reggstrindar jóskreytandi
‘stallion-adorner of the boat-land’
   = SEAFARER

the boat-land → SEA
the stallion of the SEA → SHIP
The counsel-swift, wealth-generous adorner of the SHIP → SEAFARER
Close

auð ‘wealth’

1. auðr (noun m.; °-s/-ar, dat. -i/-): wealth < auðmildr (adj.): wealth-generous

kennings

Ráðfimr, auðmildr reggstrindar jóskreytandi
‘stallion-adorner of the boat-land’
   = SEAFARER

the boat-land → SEA
the stallion of the SEA → SHIP
The counsel-swift, wealth-generous adorner of the SHIP → SEAFARER
Close

mildr ‘generous’

mildr (adj.; °compar. -ri/-ari, superl. -astr): mild, gentle, gracious, generous < auðmildr (adj.): wealth-generous

kennings

Ráðfimr, auðmildr reggstrindar jóskreytandi
‘stallion-adorner of the boat-land’
   = SEAFARER

the boat-land → SEA
the stallion of the SEA → SHIP
The counsel-swift, wealth-generous adorner of the SHIP → SEAFARER
Close

Frá ‘from’

frá (prep.): from

notes

[5, 8] frá fóstrjǫrð ‘from his foster-land’: The separation of prep. and noun here is highly unusual (see Kuhn 1983, 120-2 on proclitic prepositions), but there is no plausible alternative analysis. 

Close

s*ýjur ‘vessels’

1. sýja (noun f.; °-u; -ur): planking, vessel

[5] s*ýjur: ‘sky(j)or’(?) Bb

notes

[5] s*ýjur ‘vessels’: Ms. ‘sky(j)or (?)’ could be nom./acc. pl. of the rare word skýja f. ‘dangerous, disgraceful journey’ (Fritzner: skýja), but the context would seem to require a word for ‘ship’. Sveinbjörn Egilsson’s emendation (1832, 8) to sýjur (pl. of sýja f. ‘row of rivets, strake’), a word commonest in C13th poetry (LP: sýja 1), has been accepted by all previous eds. It may have its precise sense or, as assumed here, be a pars pro toto expression for ‘vessel, ship’.

Close

flóð ‘the flood’

2. flóð (noun n.): flood

Close

kǫnnuðu ‘explored’

3. kanna (verb): know, be able

Close

góðar ‘good’

góðr (adj.): good

Close

foldar ‘of the earth’

fold (noun f.): land

kennings

hring foldar
‘the ring of the earth ’
   = SEA

the ring of the earth → SEA
Close

hring ‘the ring’

1. hringr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -; -ar): ring; sword

kennings

hring foldar
‘the ring of the earth ’
   = SEA

the ring of the earth → SEA
Close

fóstr ‘his foster’

fóstr (noun n.): foster- < fóstrjǫrð (noun f.)

notes

[5, 8] frá fóstrjǫrð ‘from his foster-land’: The separation of prep. and noun here is highly unusual (see Kuhn 1983, 120-2 on proclitic prepositions), but there is no plausible alternative analysis.  — [8] fóstrjǫrð ‘his foster-land’: Garðar (Russia): see st. 3/2 í Gǫrðum and Note. 

Close

fóstr ‘his foster’

fóstr (noun n.): foster- < fóstrjǫrð (noun f.)

notes

[5, 8] frá fóstrjǫrð ‘from his foster-land’: The separation of prep. and noun here is highly unusual (see Kuhn 1983, 120-2 on proclitic prepositions), but there is no plausible alternative analysis.  — [8] fóstrjǫrð ‘his foster-land’: Garðar (Russia): see st. 3/2 í Gǫrðum and Note. 

Close

jǫrð ‘land’

jǫrð (noun f.; °jarðar, dat. -u; jarðir/jarðar(DN I (1367) 304Š)): ground, earth < fóstrjǫrð (noun f.)

notes

[5, 8] frá fóstrjǫrð ‘from his foster-land’: The separation of prep. and noun here is highly unusual (see Kuhn 1983, 120-2 on proclitic prepositions), but there is no plausible alternative analysis.  — [8] fóstrjǫrð ‘his foster-land’: Garðar (Russia): see st. 3/2 í Gǫrðum and Note. 

Close

jǫrð ‘land’

jǫrð (noun f.; °jarðar, dat. -u; jarðir/jarðar(DN I (1367) 304Š)): ground, earth < fóstrjǫrð (noun f.)

notes

[5, 8] frá fóstrjǫrð ‘from his foster-land’: The separation of prep. and noun here is highly unusual (see Kuhn 1983, 120-2 on proclitic prepositions), but there is no plausible alternative analysis.  — [8] fóstrjǫrð ‘his foster-land’: Garðar (Russia): see st. 3/2 í Gǫrðum and Note. 

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