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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Nkt 28II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Anonymous Poems, Nóregs konungatal 28’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 779.

Anonymous PoemsNóregs konungatal
272829

land ‘land’

land (noun n.; °-s; *-): land

[2] land: ‘lond’ Flat

notes

[2] land (n. acc. sg.) ‘land’: Lǫnd (n. acc. pl.) ‘lands’ (so Flat) has been emended to the sg. to agree with the adj. allt (n. acc. sg.) ‘the entire’ (l. 4).

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hringum ‘border to border’

1. hringr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -; -ar): ring; sword

[2] hringum: ‘rinum’ Flat

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Óláfr ‘Óláfr’

Óláfr (noun m.): Óláfr

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allt ‘the entire’

allr (adj.): all

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inn ‘inn’

2. inn (art.): the

notes

[4] inn digri ‘(“the Stout”)’: This was Óláfr Haraldsson’s (S. Óláfr’s) nickname.

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digri ‘digri (‘the Stout’)’

digr (adj.; °digran; compar. digrari, superl. digrastr): fat, large

notes

[4] inn digri ‘(“the Stout”)’: This was Óláfr Haraldsson’s (S. Óláfr’s) nickname.

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hróðmǫgr ‘The glory-son’

hróðmǫgr (noun m.): [glory-son]

kennings

Hróðmǫgr Haralds ins grenska
‘The glory-son of Haraldr inn grenski (‘the one from Grenland’) ’
   = Óláfr

The glory-son of Haraldr inn grenski (‘the one from Grenland’) → Óláfr
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Haralds ‘of Haraldr’

Haraldr (noun m.): Haraldr

kennings

Hróðmǫgr Haralds ins grenska
‘The glory-son of Haraldr inn grenski (‘the one from Grenland’) ’
   = Óláfr

The glory-son of Haraldr inn grenski (‘the one from Grenland’) → Óláfr
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ins ‘inn’

2. inn (art.): the

kennings

Hróðmǫgr Haralds ins grenska
‘The glory-son of Haraldr inn grenski (‘the one from Grenland’) ’
   = Óláfr

The glory-son of Haraldr inn grenski (‘the one from Grenland’) → Óláfr
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grenska ‘grenski (‘the one from Grenland’)’

grenskr (adj.): one from Grenland

kennings

Hróðmǫgr Haralds ins grenska
‘The glory-son of Haraldr inn grenski (‘the one from Grenland’) ’
   = Óláfr

The glory-son of Haraldr inn grenski (‘the one from Grenland’) → Óláfr
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foldu ‘ground’

fold (noun f.): land

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grýttri ‘the rocky’

grýttr (adj.): stony, graveled

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

The years of Óláfr’s reign given here are 1015-30 (or 1014-29), but he went into exile in 1028, first to Sweden and then to Russia (see ÍF 27, lxxxi-lxxxii, 326). — [2] með hringum ‘from border to border’: This expression (lit. ‘from rings to rings’) usually describes a ship being cleared from stem to stern (i.e. between the ringed ornaments that could be attached to the stem and the stern of a ship). See also Arn Hryn 15/5 and Arn Magndr 14/5. It is used here in a territorial sense. A more common expression in a non-nautical context would be ‘from end to end’ (með endum; see Anon (HSig) 2/1). — [6]: Haraldr inn grenski was the son of Guðrøðr Bjarnason, the grandson of Haraldr hárfagri (see Genealogy II.1.d in ÍF 28). Grenland roughly comprised present-day Telemark and Bamble in southern Norway (see Storm 1900, 128 n. 1).

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