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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Nkt 21II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Anonymous Poems, Nóregs konungatal 21’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 775.

Anonymous PoemsNóregs konungatal
202122

Óláfr ‘Óláfr’

Óláfr (noun m.): Óláfr

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alls ‘altogether’

allr (adj.): all

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fimm ‘five’

fimm (num. cardinal): five

kennings

fimm galla faðmis,
‘five destructions of the snake ’
   = WINTERS

five destructions of the snake → WINTERS
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faðmis ‘of the snake’

Faðmir (noun m.): [snake, Faðmir]

[4] faðmis: ‘fadmnis’ or ‘fadmins’ Flat

kennings

fimm galla faðmis,
‘five destructions of the snake ’
   = WINTERS

five destructions of the snake → WINTERS

notes

[4] faðmis (m. gen. sg.) ‘snake’: Skj B and Skald emend ‘fadmnis’ (or ‘fadmins’; the word is difficult to read) to Fáfnis ‘Fáfnir’s’, i.e. the snake killed by Sigurðr the Dragon-slayer (see Fáfn in NK 180-8). In LP (faðmins) Finnur Jónsson regards ‘faðmins’ as a scribal error for faðmnis (gen. of faðmnir). Fáfnir and faðmir are variant forms of Proto-Scandinavian *faðmnir ‘snake’ (lit. ‘the one who encloses’; see AEW: faðmr), and the variant form faðmir also occurs in Háttalykill (RvHbreiðm Hl 7/3III and 47/3III).

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galla ‘destructions’

1. galli (noun m.): destruction

kennings

fimm galla faðmis,
‘five destructions of the snake ’
   = WINTERS

five destructions of the snake → WINTERS
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Eirekr ‘Eiríkr’

Eiríkr (noun m.): Eiríkr

notes

[5] Eirekr ‘Eiríkr’: Eiríkr jarl Hákonarson (see sts 22-4), the son of Hákon jarl (see sts 17-18).

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ofrliði ‘an overwhelming host’

ofrlið (noun n.): overwhelming force

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Óláfr Tryggvason ruled Norway 995-1000 (or 994-9; see Ólafía Einarsdóttir 1964, 174, 176-8).

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